By Lynn V. Foster

ISBN-10: 081606671X

ISBN-13: 9780816066711

ISBN-10: 1438108230

ISBN-13: 9781438108230

A quick heritage of relevant the US, moment variation explores the heritage of the relevant American isthmus from the pre-Columbian cultures to the modern international locations that make up the area this present day: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. This moment version brings the heritage of the quarter modern with new advancements, together with fresh elections, the ongoing fight with the aftermath of the civil wars, and the impression of the loose exchange contract signed with the U.S. in 2003/2004.

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Astronomy Then the face of the sun was eaten; then the face of the sun was darkened; then its face was extinguished. They were terrified on high, when it burned at the word of their priest . . The Chilam Balam of Chumayel, a Yucatec Mayan book (Roys 1967, 76) The Mayans were superb astronomers. They could calculate the 500year cycle of Venus with only a two-hour margin of error. They predicted eclipses, such as the one described above by the priest of Chumayel, and they predicted equinoxes and solstices, the rise and set of Pleiades, and much more.

During this period, southern Central American gold was traded to Mesoamerica in quantity for the first time. Prestige befitting a chief required rituals and social stratification that often echoed the practices of the civilizations to the north and south. Chiefs commonly ordered their portraits carved into stone. In Nicaragua, the rulers were depicted wearing animal-spirit headdresses; in the Chiriquí region of Panama and Costa Rica, they were portrayed riding on the shoulders of a naked commoner or slave.

Chiefs commonly ordered their portraits carved into stone. In Nicaragua, the rulers were depicted wearing animal-spirit headdresses; in the Chiriquí region of Panama and Costa Rica, they were portrayed riding on the shoulders of a naked commoner or slave. At numerous Costa Rican sites, great granite spheres, the largest 7 feet in diameter and weighing 15,000 tons, were carefully worked and lined up in what may have been a cosmological or astronomical arrangement, just as buildings in Mesoamerica were aligned to measure and commemorate such events.

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A brief history of Central America by Lynn V. Foster


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