By Emmanuel Todd, Youssef Courbage
We are instructed that Western/Christian and Muslim/Arab civilizations are heading in the direction of inevitable clash. The demographics of the West stay gradual, whereas the inhabitants of the Muslim global explodes, widening the cultural hole and all yet ensuring the outbreak of struggle. Leaving apart the media's sound and fury in this factor, measured research indicates one other truth taking form: rapprochement among those civilizations, profiting from a common circulation with roots within the Enlightenment.
The historic and geographical sweep of this e-book discredits the idea of a particular Islamic demography. the diversity of fertility between Muslim girls, for instance, is as various as spiritual habit between Muslims more often than not. even if agnostics, fundamentalist Salafis, or al-Qaeda activists, Muslims are a various team that end up the range and individuality of Islam. Youssef Courbage and Emmanuel Todd ponder diversified levels of literacy, patriarchy, and protecting reactions between minority Muslim populations, underscoring the unfold of huge secularization during the Arab and Muslim global.
In this regard, they argue, there's little or no to tell apart the evolution of Islam from the historical past of Christianity, specifically with Muslims now getting into a world modernity. delicate to demographic variables and their mirrored image of non-public and social truths, Courbage and Todd upend a deadly meme: that we are living in a fractured international as regards to difficulty, suffering from a deadly disease of closed cultures and minds made various through religion.
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Extra info for A Convergence of Civilizations: The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World
When the father died, the sons could continue to live together, but they generally separated relatively quickly, and property was divided equally. Daughters, members of other households, were barred from inheriting. The latent values of this kind of system were authority (with adult children remaining within the sphere of paternal power) and equality (conﬁned to males). These are the values made evident and expressed in ideological form by the Bolshevik revolution, and its Stalinist successor, after the threshold of 50 percent literacy had been crossed.
In Russia, the decline in fertility followed very soon after the atheist revolution, around 1928. There was a certain gap in China: The revolution triumphed in 1949 began again with the cultural revolution of 1966 –1969, and fertility began to decline in 1970. indb 11 11 2/14/11 9:21:32 AM collapse of communism. Communist antireligious fury was not the cause of the fading of Orthodox faith in Russia, nor of the weakening of the family and Buddhist cults that predominated in China. Rather, the ebbing of religious belief left the ﬁeld free for the substitute creed of communism.
Marriage between cousins is not prescribed by the Koran. As in the case of patrilinealism, it predated Islam and the ethnic origins of the Arab world. But the decrease in level as one moves away from the central zone does suggest that Islam served as a vehicle for the geographical spread of the endogamous practices of the Middle East. indb 33 33 2/14/11 9:21:36 AM practice of a prestigious group, the Arabs, bearers of the message of the Koran. They were worth imitating in the conquered regions, both religiously and in all kinds of social habits.
A Convergence of Civilizations: The Transformation of Muslim Societies Around the World by Emmanuel Todd, Youssef Courbage