By Trevor G. Fenell, Henriki Gelson

ISBN-10: 9027979367

ISBN-13: 9789027979360

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Extra resources for A Grammar of Modern Latvian (Slavistic Printings and Reprintings ; No. 304) Vol.3

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Askedal 1997). , rauchen ‘to smoke’ despite the phonological near-identity of the verbs: (11) Sie raucht / *rauch. g. Er darf nicht singen. : ‘He must not sing. ’ 20 Horst J. Simon and Heike Wiese irregular features – but from the point of view of modal verbs, brauchen becomes regularised, being integrated into their specific, exceptional, subsystem. This development demonstrates the power of the system not only in the case of the overall, more general system – here: verbal morpho-syntax – but also in the case of subsystems constituted by irregular forms that present an exception from the point of view of this general system.

B. *Das Flugzeug landet in Paris not. ’ c. …, weil das Flugzeug in Paris not-landet. ’ The verbs concerned are word formation products in some way or other (from back formation, conversion, incorporation or double-prefixation). So, what we see here is a syntatic exception that is governed by the morphological make-up of its constituent parts. But this alone cannot be sufficient; other factors such 34. Cf. Spencer and Zwicky (1998: 4–6). What are exceptions? And what can be done about them? 23 as potential analogy to particle verbs seem to play a role as well, cf.

In the diagrams below, R stands for ‘regular’, E stands for ‘exceptional’. (13) a. two faces of a single representation R E b. two strata in a single representation c. separate representations in a single component R E Coming to grips with exceptions d. 43 separate representations in separate components R E The four ways of splitting exceptional structures differ in the amount of independent support available for the two contradictory representations of the construction. If there is independent evidence for the existence of the two faces, strata, levels, or components that the structures are split into, the analysis is more convincing.

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A Grammar of Modern Latvian (Slavistic Printings and Reprintings ; No. 304) Vol.3 by Trevor G. Fenell, Henriki Gelson

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