By Wallace Chafe

ISBN-10: 0520286413

ISBN-13: 9780520286412

The Seneca language belongs to the Northern Iroquoian department of the Iroquoian language family members, the place its closest kinfolk are Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, and Tuscarora. Seneca holds targeted typological curiosity due to its excessive measure of polysynthesis and fusion. it's traditionally vital due to its crucial position within the Longhouse faith and its position within the pioneering linguistic paintings of the nineteenth century missionary Asher Wright. This grammatical description, consisting of 4 prolonged texts in different genres, is the culminatin of Chafe’s long-term examine of the language over part a century.

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Additional resources for A Grammar of the Seneca Language

Example text

Hök-V,RV,tV,hV höke-else (agent unmarked) 46. hösa-C hösë-i hös-a,e hösay-o 16. (w)ak-V,RV,tV,hV 17. yökni-C 18. yökwa-C 19. sa-C 7a. sni-C 8a. swa-C (w)ake-else yökn-i,e,o yökwë-i së-i sn-i,e,o swë-i No agent [ö]k-V,RV,tV,hV yöky-a yökw-a,e s-a,e,o sny-a sw-a,e yöky-o ts-o [ö]ke-else 1. k-V,RV,tV,hV 53. kö-C,i I ke-else köy-a,e,o 2. yakni-C 54. kni-C we two but yakn-i,e,o kn-i,e,o not including you yaky-a ky-a 3. yakwa-C 55. kwa-C we > 2 but yakwë-i kwë-i not including yakw-a,e kw-a,e you yaky-o ky-o we two 4.

Yeda:ke’ ‘she’s running’) dzögwa:göh ‘we’re eating it again’ (cf. *ögwa:göh ‘we’re eating it’) (*tsetakhe’) (*tsökwaköh) The form *tsi- (> ji-) occurs before an inclusive or second person pronominal prefix other than a second person singular agent: jidwe’s ‘we’re still around’ (cf. idwe’s ‘we’re around’) (*tsitwe’s) 40 A Grammar of the Seneca Language jidwadawë:nye:h ‘we’re still moving about’ (*tsitwatawënye:h) (cf. 3. 1. Uses of the cislocative prefix. In verbs of directed motion the cislocative expresses motion toward the speaker or a third person.

Phonological changes not shared with all the Northern Iroquoian languages Some of the changes in this section are unique to Seneca, while others are shared with Cayuga and/or Onondaga. There is an attempt to list these changes in the order in which they occurred, judging from their interaction. Such ordering, however, cannot always be determined with any certainty (cf. Chafe 1968, Chafe and Foster 1981). w > 0 / k-# (loss of word-final w after k). This change applies both to bases ending in kw and to the instrumental suffix -hkw.

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A Grammar of the Seneca Language by Wallace Chafe

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