By Robert J. Alexander
This quantity is a pioneering examine of the background of geared up exertions within the valuable American republics. It strains the historical past within the a variety of international locations from the early 19th century to the tip of the 20th century. It additionally discusses why they seemed, what organizational and ideological developments characterised the move in those international locations, the position of collective bargaining, the industrial impact of equipped exertions, in addition to the family members of the stream within the person nations with each other and with the wider exertions circulate outdoors of the nations concerned with this volume.
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Additional resources for A History of Organized Labor in Panama and Central America
They had schools, hospitals, commissaries, and other benefits, which set them totally apart from other workers in the zone. Furthermore, the segregation patterns of the United States South of the time reigned in the Panama Canal Zone. There were separate facilities of all kinds for the Zonians and the other workers in the zone—drinking fountains, doors, toilet facilities, and housing developments. Segregation was also evident in the payments to different workers in the zone. S. S. citizens, and the silver (later, local rate) one for other workers.
30 A History of Organized Labor in Panama and Central America 12. Brouwer, interview. 13. New York Times, July 22, 1931. 14. Brouwer, interview. 15. Barría, interview. 16. New York Times, July 22, 1939. 17. Barría, interview. 18. Memorandum from Ernesto Galarza, Pan American Union, Washington, DC, June 1946. 19. Phillipps, in Latin American Labor Organizations, p. 587. 20. Robert E. S. Embassy), interview with the author in Panama City, August 6, 1954. 21. Barría, interview. 22. Luis Alejandro Cuellar (president of Unión Nacional de Sindicatos Obreros of Panama), interview with the author in Havana, Cuba, September 10, 1949.
Unions and as a group under the aegis of the Metal Trades Department of the American Federation of Labor. S. S. Congress) strictly for their own benefit. S. workers) enjoyed in the zone. For several decades, the Zonians enjoyed a status and way of living that they could not have aspired to had they lived in the United States. Their incomes generally were tied to those of their counterparts in the United States—plus 25 percent for the so-called hardship of living overseas. They had schools, hospitals, commissaries, and other benefits, which set them totally apart from other workers in the zone.
A History of Organized Labor in Panama and Central America by Robert J. Alexander