By Jonathan R. Barton

ISBN-10: 0203292316

ISBN-13: 9780203292310

ISBN-10: 020343157X

ISBN-13: 9780203431573

The geographical regions and peoples of South and principal the US, Cuba, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, that jointly shape the political nation-state of Latin the US, surround a variety of societies, politics and economies. this article exposes the variations among areas, areas and international locations, contributors and societies, supplying a useful perception into the subjects of political and monetary improvement, and gives a consultant to realizing energy and area family. From the Antarctic to the tropical jungles, the coastal groups to the highland villages, the mega-cities to remoted rural life, the political geographies of lives, localities, towns and rurality are too refined to be subjected to generalizations. Adopting a serious human geography standpoint, Jonathon Barton presents an knowing of similarities, distinction and complex human geographies.

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Ongoing debates about paths of development, especially alternatives to predominant models, are critically significant in terms of changes in Latin American political geographies (Brown, 1996). It was from within Latin America that opposition to this Anglo-European model of development emerged (see Kay, 1989; Hettne, 1995). Two schools of development theory evolved that offered different strategies for the development of Latin American societies: structuralism and dependency. Structuralism, a Latin American perspective on neoclassical economics, was promoted from within CEPAL (Comisión Económica para America Latina, the UN’s economic commission for Latin America, in Santiago, Chile) while dependency, a more radical critique of modernisation, emerged among Latin America’s radical scholars.

The historical context of the social structures and relations within states and between states provides the framework for the understanding of the contemporary organisation of Latin American territorial space and associated power relations. FURTHER READING Introductions to political geography are provided by Joe Painter’s Politics, Geography and ‘Political Geography’: A Critical Perspective (1995), John Rennie Short’s Introduction to Political Geography (1993) and Peter J. Taylor’s Political Geography: World-economy, Nation-state and Locality (1993a).

Throughout the Central and South Americas, pre-Columbian societies could be divided into groups according to their predominant activities: pastoral, hunting and fishing. In contemporary Chile, Carvallo Ortiz (1988) categorises indigenous groups as: northern; from the longitudinal valleys; Andean hunters; and southern fishing peoples. The groups were quite different in terms of language, activities and cultures. In the central south of the continent, seminomadic groups predominated, such as the Guaraní whose language still dominates within eastern Paraguay.

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A political geography of Latin America by Jonathan R. Barton

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