By Rodney Huddleston, Geoffrey K. Pullum

ISBN-10: 0521612888

ISBN-13: 9780521612883

This groundbreaking undergraduate textbook on smooth commonplace English grammar is the 1st to be in keeping with the innovative advances of the authors' past paintings, The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language (2002). The textual content is meant for college kids in schools or universities who've very little prior historical past in grammar, and presupposes no linguistics. It comprises workouts, and may offer a foundation for introductions to grammar and classes at the constitution of English, not just in linguistics departments but in addition in English language and literature departments and faculties of schooling.

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It would be better if we walked more. [8] a. She has walked a lot. ii a. We were walked to the door. fly SUBSTITUTED FOR walk b. She usually flew there. b. It would be better if we flew more. b. She has flown a lot. b. We were flown to New York. ) ) [preterite] [past participle] We can see that the walked of [7] is a preterite form, because the experiment of substituting fly in these constructions requires flew. Flown would be quite impossible here : *She usually flown the re and * It would be better if we flown more .

4, primary forms show inflec­ tional distinctions of tense (preterite vs present) and can occur as the sole verb in a canonical clause. Secondary forms have no tense inflection and cannot occur as the head of a canonical clause. Preterite The term preterite is used for an infiectionally marked past tense. That is, the past tense is marked by a specific inflectional form of the verb rather than by means of a separate auxiliary verb. By a past tense we mean one whose most cen­ tral use is to indicate past time.

The subordinate clauses in [iv-vi] , however, differ quite markedly in their structure from clauses with primary verb-forms. In [iv] the clause is introduced by for rather than that, and the subject pronoun appears in the form her rather than she. And in [v-vi] there is no subject. 3 Auxiliary verbs We turn now to an important division within the category of verbs between roughly a dozen auxiliary verbs and all the rest, which we call lexical verbs. The auxiliary verbs (or more briefly, auxiliaries) differ sharply in gram­ matical behaviour from lexical verbs, and figure crucially in a number of common constructions.

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A Student's Introduction to English Grammar by Rodney Huddleston, Geoffrey K. Pullum

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