By Robert C. Pinto (auth.)
Chapters 1-12 of this quantity comprise the papers on infonnal common sense and argumentation that i have released and/or learn at meetings during the last 17 years. those papers are reproduced the following pretty well unchanged from their first visual appeal; it really is my purpose that their visual appeal right here represent a list of my positions and arguments on the time in their unique booklet or supply. i have made minor alterations in fonnat, within the type of references, etc., for the sake of consistency; i have additionally corrected typographical blunders and so on. the single vast adjustments in wording ensue within the previous few pages of bankruptcy 7, and have been made in simple terms to permit the reader to work out extra truly what i used to be getting at in my first try to write concerning the proposal of coherence. bankruptcy thirteen was once written expressly for this quantity. It seems retrospectively on the contents of the 1st 12 chapters and makes an attempt to spotlight the unifying issues that run via them. It additionally revisits the guidelines approximately dialectic that occupied my first in gentle of later advancements in my considering but in addition re paper, remodeling them emphasizing subject matters approximately which i have tended to stay silent within the previous few years.
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Additional resources for Argument, Inference and Dialectic: Collected Papers on Informal Logic with an Introduction by Hans V. Hansen
Searle, "A taxonomy of illocutionary acts," in Searle 1979a, pp. 1-27. For the extension to the theory of intentional states, see Searle 1979b, pp. 7-9 and passim. 2 J 12 CHAPTER 2 attitudes which are alternatives to or competitors with straightforward belieC Thus one may straightforwardly or unqualifiedly believe that Gorbachev with fall from power, or one may disbelieve that proposition. Or again, one may be inclined to believe that he will, without being quite convinced of it; or one may suspect that he will without yet being inclined to believe it.
CHAPTER 2 GENERALIZING THE NOTION OF ARGUMENT It is common to think of argument or argumentation as a set of reasons put forward for the purpose of persuading or convincing an audience or interlocutor that something is so. Govier, for example, offers a definition which is fairly typical: An argument is a set of claims that a person puts forward in any attempt to show that some further claim is rationally acceptable.! Characteristic of this conception are two key ideas: that the conclusions of arguments are claims (or, as I shall call them, propositions) and that it is always the acceptance of claims that is at issue in argumentation.
Much argumentation concerned with practical and prudential matters aims at engendering the intention to perform (or to refrain from performing) certain actions. Consequently, the attempt to modify a person's doxastic attitudes through rational means is but a special case of attempting to modify propositional attitudes through rational means. It is evident that we do try to affect intentions, fears, hopes, desires through rational persuasion and therefore through argument. , as premisses and conclusions of arguments and of reasoning.
Argument, Inference and Dialectic: Collected Papers on Informal Logic with an Introduction by Hans V. Hansen by Robert C. Pinto (auth.)