By Kaarel Kaljurand

ISBN-10: 994911781X

ISBN-13: 9789949117819

ISBN-10: 9949117828

ISBN-13: 9789949117826

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During this quantity a survey of the main appropriate nonlinear crack types is supplied, with the aim of interpreting the nonlinear mechanical results happening on the tip of macrocracks in quasi-brittle fabrics - equivalent to concrete, rocks, ceramics, polymers, high-strength metal alloys - and in brittle-matrix fibre-reinforced composites.

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18) There are agents and documents. 19) Alice Jones and Bob Smith are persons. 20) Universities and persons are types of agent. 21) Journals have articles. 22) Projects have string names. 23) SEKT has name with value ’Semantically-Enabled Knowledge Technology’. 24) Forget projects, journals and ’Department of Computer Science’. (instruction to the parser to undo certain declarations) As seen from the examples, CLOnE targets only a tiny fragment of OWL, where one can express domain, range, subclass, and individual assertion axioms.

Users may find Lite Natural Language somewhat unnatural since restrictions in DL-Lite are reflected in the syntax of Lite Natural Language, for instance that negations cannot occur on the left-hand side of the SubClassOf -axiom. Rabbit [HDG07] is a fragment of English developed with the help of domain experts and intended to help writing OWL ontologies. g. disjointness of named classes by default, or treated as “exclusive or”, etc. [FDT+ 07] describes a simple ontology authoring language CLOnE and its parser that is developed using the natural language processing framework GATE.

The following are examples of CLOnE sentences (their intended semantics is described in the parentheses). 18) There are agents and documents. 19) Alice Jones and Bob Smith are persons. 20) Universities and persons are types of agent. 21) Journals have articles. 22) Projects have string names. 23) SEKT has name with value ’Semantically-Enabled Knowledge Technology’. 24) Forget projects, journals and ’Department of Computer Science’. (instruction to the parser to undo certain declarations) As seen from the examples, CLOnE targets only a tiny fragment of OWL, where one can express domain, range, subclass, and individual assertion axioms.

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Attempto controlled English as a semantic web language by Kaarel Kaljurand


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