By R. J. in ’t Veld (auth.), Roeland J. in ’t Veld, Linze Schaap, Catrien J. A. M. Termeer, Mark J. W. van Twist (eds.)
Roel in 't Veld is dean of the Netherlands institution of Public management, professor of service provider Sciences on the college of Amsterdam, professor of administration of Public enterprises on the Utrecht tuition of Governance and professor of Hybrid businesses on the Open collage of the Netherlands.
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Extra resources for Autopoiesis and Configuration Theory: New Approaches to Societal Steering
He seems to acknowledge that these do not have any significance of their own. In polycentrist analysis they acquire significance in interaction. But the polycentrist overlooks that policy goals and outcomes are not only influenced by organizational positions ("where you stand depends on where you sit"; Allison 1972), but also by processes of giving meaning to features. Statements, goals and signals from other actors are reinterpreted not only with respect to their origin, but also in the specific communications of other organizations and functional subsystems.
The concept of open systems has to be replaced by one that allows for the system being in continuous interaction with the environment, but emphasizes that this interaction is always determined by an organizationally closed system of production relationships. Autopoietic systems are organizationally closed. They are not, however, isolated from the environment (which contains other (autopoietic) systems). External environmental influences are perceived by an autopoietic system as perturbations. Interaction between system and environment can best be conceptualized as reciprocal perturbation.
The two dominant perspectives are the monocentric and polycentric models. Each stresses certain (causes of) problems and solutions (Klijn and Teisman, in this volume). The monocentric perspective has a state-centered point of view. Society is perceived as being governed by the state. Goals are set by elected politicians. Policy makers have full information and choose the more effective instruments for implementing policies. Citizens and organizations are supposed to react to these instruments in the way government wishes.
Autopoiesis and Configuration Theory: New Approaches to Societal Steering by R. J. in ’t Veld (auth.), Roeland J. in ’t Veld, Linze Schaap, Catrien J. A. M. Termeer, Mark J. W. van Twist (eds.)