By Michel Ter Hark (auth.)

ISBN-10: 940092089X

ISBN-13: 9789400920897

ISBN-10: 9401074380

ISBN-13: 9789401074384

Wittgenstein's aphoristic variety holds nice attraction, but additionally a superb hazard: the reader is apt to glean an excessive amount of from a unmarried fragment and too little from the fragments as a complete. In my first confron­ tations with the Philosophical Investigations i used to be this sort of reader, and so, it became out, have been many of the writers on Wittgenstein's later philosophy. Wittgenstein's striking skill to assemble many points of his idea in a single fragment is totally exploited within the serious literature; yet not often any cognizance is paid to the relationship with different fragments, not to mention to the various hitherto unpublished manuscripts of which the Philosophical Investigations is the ultimate product. the results of this fragmentary and ahistorical method of Wittgenstein's later paintings is a number of contradictory interpretations. What Wittgenstein fairly desired to say is still insufficiently transparent. evaluations also are strongly divided in regards to the worth of his paintings. a few authors were inspired via his aphorisms and rhetorical inquiries to brush off the full Cartesian culture or to halt new routine in linguistics or psychology; others, exasperated, reject his philo­ sophy as anti-scientific conceptual conservatism. After consulting unpublished notebooks and manuscripts which Wittgenstein wrote among 1929 and 1951, I grew to become a truly various reader. Wittgenstein grew to become out to be one of those Leonardo da Vinci, who pursued a kind from which each and every signal of chisel­ ling, each test at development, have been effaced.

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41). For a striking resemblance with this quote, see Philosophical Investigations, § 317. 36 MICHEL TER HARK their normative character. In the course of this study the horizontal relations of specific concepts will be dealt with extensively; here I confine myself to general characteristics of rules. The following five characteristics are attributed by Wittgenstein, if not very systematically, to technique (and so to rules). (a) Rule-guided behaviour is not the same as merely regular behaviour. (b) Rule-guided behaviour is learned.

Later he will attack the application of the causal theory of meaning to other psychological concepts and will take the work of William James in particular (see chapter 7) as a source of conceptual confusions. One can therefore conclude that the causal theory of meaning forms a crossroads in Wittgenstein's analysis of individual psychological concepts. This crossroads is further complicated by the fact that Wittgenstein's lifelong fascination with colour concepts is also aroused by the causal theory of meaning.

36 MICHEL TER HARK their normative character. In the course of this study the horizontal relations of specific concepts will be dealt with extensively; here I confine myself to general characteristics of rules. The following five characteristics are attributed by Wittgenstein, if not very systematically, to technique (and so to rules). (a) Rule-guided behaviour is not the same as merely regular behaviour. (b) Rule-guided behaviour is learned. (c) Rules enable people to give reasons and justifications for behaviour.

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Beyond the Inner and the Outer: Wittgenstein’s Philosophy of Psychology by Michel Ter Hark (auth.)


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