By J. Domínguez (auth.), W. S. Hall, G. Oliveto (eds.)
W S corridor institution of Computing and arithmetic, college of Teesside, Middlesbrough, TS1 3BA united kingdom G OLIVETO department of Structural Engineering, division of Civil and Environmental Engineering, college of Catania, Viale A. Doria 6, 95125 Catania, Italy Soil-Structure interplay is a not easy multidisciplinary topic which covers a number of parts of Civil Engineering. almost each development is attached to the floor and the interplay among the artefact and the basis medium may possibly impact significantly either the superstructure and the basis soil. The Soil-Structure interplay challenge has turn into a tremendous function of Structural Engineering with the arrival of huge structures on smooth soils corresponding to nuclear strength vegetation, concrete and earth dams. structures, bridges, tunnels and underground constructions can also require specific consciousness to accept to the issues of Soil-Structure interplay. Dynamic Soil-Structure interplay is in demand in Earthquake Engineering difficulties. The complexity of the matter, due additionally to its multidisciplinary nature and to the actual fact of getting to contemplate bounded and unbounded media of alternative mechanical features, calls for a numerical remedy for any program of engineering importance. The Boundary aspect approach seems to be well matched to resolve difficulties of Soil- constitution interplay via its skill to discretize in simple terms the bounds of complicated and sometimes unbounded geometries. Non-linear difficulties which regularly come up in Soil-Structure interplay can also be handled advantageously via a sensible mixture of Boundary and Finite point discretizations.
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Additional info for Boundary Element Methods for Soil-Structure Interaction
Which can be the length of a bridge or a dam, the ground motion changes from its maximum value to zero. The importance of this effect depends on the size of the structure and on the type, frequency, and direction of the waves. TWENTY FIVE YEARS OF BOUNDARY ELEMENTS 9 Soil-structure interaction is, in most cases, studied assuming linear elastic behaviour. Under this assumption the soil-structure system can be analyzed in the frequency domain using a substructure technique. Foundations are in many cases massive and may be assumed to be rigid.
A more refined mesh is required for high frequencies and large embedment ratio as shown in Figure 11. One column of the foundation stiffness matrix is obtained prescribing a unit rigid body motion of the foundation following a certain co-ordinate. Zero tractions are prescribed on the soil free-surface. TWENTY FIVE YEARS OF BOUNDARY ELEMENTS 15 Even though the stress distribution under the footing has sharp peaks, the BE mesh for the soil-foundation interface does not have to be very dense (Domínguez, 1978a) since the stress resultants over the foundation, and not the stress distributions, are needed.
Effects of the actual geometry of the site and material properties of the sub-regions can be studied with models like the one used for the surface stiffness computation shown in Figure 15. The combined influence of the site amplification and the kinematic interaction due to a rigid foundation can be studied by including in the same model the foundation and the local underground topography as done in models like the one shown in Figure 20 for a cylindrical foundation, or the one shown in Figure 26 for a strip footing in an alluvial deposit.
Boundary Element Methods for Soil-Structure Interaction by J. Domínguez (auth.), W. S. Hall, G. Oliveto (eds.)