By Paul Williams

From a box essentially of curiosity to expert orientalists, the research of Buddhism has constructed to embody inter alia, theology and non secular experiences, philosophy, cultural reviews, anthropology and comparative stories. there's now larger direct entry to Buddhism within the West than ever earlier than, and Buddhist reviews are attracting expanding numbers of students.

This eight-volume set brings jointly seminal papers in Buddhist reviews from an unlimited variety of educational disciplines, released over the past 40 years. With a brand new creation by means of the editor, this assortment is a distinct and unrivalled study source for either pupil and scholar.

VOLUME II THE EARLY BUDDHIST faculties AND
DOCTRINAL heritage; THERAVADA
DOCTRINE
Acknowledgements vn
18 Theravada Buddhist sangha: a few common observations on
historical and political components in its improvement 1
HEINZ BECHERT
19 Notes at the formation of Buddhist sects and the origins of
Mahayana
HEINZ BECHERT
20 Buddhistjhana: its nature and attainment in keeping with the
Pali sources
L.S. COUSINS
21 The 'five points' and the origins of the Buddhist schools
L.S. COUSINS
22 individual and self
L S. COUSINS
23 Cosmology and meditation: from the Aggaiiiia-Sutta to the
Mahayana
RUPERT GETHIN
24 Kindness and compassion as a method to nirvaQa
R.F. GOMBRICH
25 focus or perception: the frustrating of Theravada
Buddhist meditation theory
PAUL GRIFFITHS
26 Councils as rules and occasions within the Theravada
CHARLES HALLISEY
27 Saik$a-dharmas revisited: extra issues of
Mahasa~pghika origins
CHARLES S. PREBISH
zs MahasaQighika origins: the beginnings of Buddhist
sectarianism
JAN NATTIER AND CHARLES S PREBISH
29 different our bodies of the Buddha: reflections on a neglected
aspect of Theravada tradition
FRANK E. REYNOLDS
30 at the challenge of the relation of religious perform and
philosophical conception in Buddhism
LAMBERT SCHMITHAUSEN
31 Buddhist Modernism and the rhetoric of meditative
experience
ROBERT H SHARF
32 the remodeling present: an research of devotional acts of
offering in Buddhist Avadiina literature
JOHN robust
PETER SKILLING

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Desk of Contents
Editor's Introduction
1. The BuddhaÕs traditional and supreme Tooth
Ð John Buescher
2. Ask a Farmer: final research and Conventional
Existence in Tsong kha pa's Lam rim chen mo
Ð man Newland
3. portray the objective: at the identity of the
Object of Negation (dgag bya) Ð Donald S. Lopez, Jr.
4. slicing the Roots of advantage: Tsong kha pa on the
Results of Anger Ð Daniel Cozort
5. Ethics because the foundation of a Tantric culture: Tsong kha pa
and the Founding of the dGe lugs Order in Tibet
Ð Elizabeth Napper
6. Bon rDzogs chen on Authenticity (pramÝna, tshad ma):
Prose and Poetry at the direction Ð Anne Carolyn Klein
7. The dGe ldanÐbKaÕ brgyud culture of MahÝmudrÝ:
How a lot dGe ldan? How a lot bKaÕ brgyud?
Ð Roger R. Jackson
8. Demons at the mom: Objections to the Perfect
Wisdom Sñtras in Tibet Ð Gareth Sparham
9. Gung thang and Sa bzang Ma ti Paû chen on the
Meaning of ÒFoundational ConsciousnessÓ
(Ýlaya, kun gzhi) Ð Joe Bransford Wilson
10. Authorship and Literary creation in
Classical Buddhist Tibet Ð JosŽ Ignacio Cabez—n
11. Altruism and Adversity: views from Psychoanalytic
Object family members idea Ð Harvey B. Aronson
12. Drawing the metal Bow: A Bibliographic Appreciation
of the Literary Legacy of Paul Jeffrey Hopkins
and His application on the collage of Virginia
Ð Paul G. Hackett
Contributors 327

Additional info for Buddhism, Critical Concepts in Religious Studies, Volume 2

Example text

It is all the more surprising that there was practically no Buddhist historical writing in mainland India, since it was essential for the validity of a monk's ordination (upasampada) to establish the fact that it is based on an uninterrupted succession commencing from an ordination granted by the Buddha himself. The lists of the so-called "Patriarchs" of later Buddhist sects were drawn up for this very purpose. But a survey of the texts which allege to contain the church history of Indian Buddhism shows that they do not have even the very basic qualities of historical writing and that they contradict each other to such a degree that it is impossible to find out the historical facts from the reports on many important developments.

It refers specifically to a state in which the mind is absorbed in a single object. In the present context it is the ability to keep the attention, without wavering or trembling, aware only of the object of meditation. It should be noticed that this fifth factor, although absent from the ancient formula of the first jhiina, is clearly implied by the epithet born of concentration (samiidhi-ja) applied to the second jhiina. Fully developed, these five factors constitute jhiina, but it is important to note 41 EARLY BUDDHIST SCHOOLS AND DOCTRINAL HISTORY that they may already be present in a weaker form in normal consciousness.

Whereas the nikayas were defined as groups of monks that mutually acknowledged the validity of their upasampada or higher ordination and made use of particular recensions of the sacred texts, the rise of Mahayana Buddhism was a development which pervaded the whole sphere of Buddhism and all nikayas. Mahayana is the confession of all those who approve a particular request to all Buddhists. This is the request to go the path leading to the status of a Buddhathe long and troublesome path of a Bodhisatva, a "Buddha-to-be",-while the Sravakayana, the old doctrine, had only urged upon endeavour for redemption of one's own.

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Buddhism, Critical Concepts in Religious Studies, Volume 2 by Paul Williams


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