By Christine J. Wade
Scope and content material: "El Salvador is largely one of the main winning United countries peacebuilding efforts, yet list murder charges, political polarization, socioeconomic exclusion, and corruption have lowered the standard of peace for lots of of its voters. In Captured Peace : Elites and Peacebuilding in El Salvador, Christine J. Wade adapts the idea that of elite seize to extend at the proposal of 'captured peace,' explaining how neighborhood elites commandeered political, social, and financial affairs sooner than war's finish after which used the peace accords to deepen their regulate in those spheres. whereas a lot scholarship has keen on the function of gangs in Salvadoran unrest, Wade attracts on an exhaustive variety of resources to illustrate how daily violence is inextricable from the commercial and political dimensions. during this in-depth research of postwar politics in El Salvador, she highlights the neighborhood actors' fundamental function in peacebuilding and demonstrates the political virtue an incumbent party--in this example, the Nationalist Republican Alliance (ARENA)--has through the peace approach and the implications of this to the standard of peace that results" Read more...
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Extra resources for Captured peace : elites and peacebuilding in El Salvador
The PDC agreed to join the junta on the condition that human rights violations would lessen and that the reforms proffered by the junta, including agrarian reform, would proceed. As a result, José Napoleón Duarte, who had been denied the presidency eight years earlier, joined the junta and became its president in December 1980. Rather than subside, however, the levels of violence increased. Death squads and right-wing paramilitary groups began “disappearing”73 those associated with labor unions, peasant groups, the church, and students.
S. president Jimmy Carter asking him to prohibit military aid. 79 The remaining leadership was forced into exile. Weeks later, in December 1980, three American nuns and a layworker were abducted, raped, and murdered by members of the National Guard. Three days later the bodies of Maura Clarke, Ita Ford, Dorothy Kazel, and Jean Donovan, who served as a pallbearer at Romero’s funeral, were found buried in a single shallow grave. These deaths shocked Salvadorans and the international community and convinced many that the space for political settlements had closed.
The chapter concludes with a discussion of the 1994 “elections of the century” that mark El Salvador’s transition to democracy, as well as the return of the incumbent ARENA party to power. Chapters 3 through 5 offer an empirical analysis of postwar peacebuilding in El Salvador by exploring the political, economic, and social dynamics of a captured peace. Chapter 3 assesses postwar politics, including the challenges of democratization and increasing polarization. I review the electoral reforms implemented during and after the peace accords in order to highlight systematic barriers to participation that may have benefited the incumbent party.
Captured peace : elites and peacebuilding in El Salvador by Christine J. Wade