By F. J. Valle Fuentes (auth.), Prof. Jesus Ma. Rincon Ph.D., Maximina Romero Ph.D. (eds.)

ISBN-10: 364208348X

ISBN-13: 9783642083488

ISBN-10: 3662038714

ISBN-13: 9783662038710

This monograph offers with the main necessary and sleek tools for characterising the inorganic fabrics reminiscent of glasses and glass-ceramics, conventional and complicated. After a quick bankruptcy excited by selection of infrequent earths in ceramics and minerals, there are 3 chapters displaying the basics and major purposes of so much complex microstructure options for investigating glasses and ceramics: new microscopies (STM, AFM) and electron microscopy equipment resembling CBED and HREM. 3 extra chapters are devoted to the foundation and vast functions of thermal tools, one serious about purposes on zeolite fabrics. The XRD for texture research and up to date advances in fluorescence tools also are thought of in chapters. eventually, the Mössbauer spectroscopy for the research of glasses and glass-ceramics and neutron diffraction for a similar form of fabrics is greatly treated.

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Th Fig. 18. The 1Xexp VS plot, (from [41], with permission of Elsevier Science Publishers) IXth UHV techniques, aids the resolution of the surface structure of different metals and surface reconstructions at the atomic level. However, as we have shown in Sect. 3 working at nonatomic resolution conditions, quantitative information concerning surface evolution during growth and the fractal character of the interfaces on the nanometer scale can be obtained. This small scale, which is not easily reached with other techniques, is of interest in order to be able to compare the experimental data with the results obtained from computer simulations of theoretical growth models.

Arvia b Fig. 4. 4 A2 image of Pt(111) ; b 21 x 21 A2 image of highly oriented pyrolytic graphite (HOPG) 2. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy 25 For semiconductors and semimetals surfaces such as C(OOOl), the situation becomes more complicated. The hexagonal array of atoms shown in Fig. 2 A as expected for carbon. It is well known that bulk graphite has a layered structure with a weak interlayer coupling. Since the atomic positions in the consecutive layers are shifted, two different sites can be distinguished in the (0001) plane, A-sites which involve C atoms with a C atom directly below in the next layer, in contrast to B-sites which have no C atoms below them.

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Characterization Techniques of Glasses and Ceramics by F. J. Valle Fuentes (auth.), Prof. Jesus Ma. Rincon Ph.D., Maximina Romero Ph.D. (eds.)

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