By Marcus Reckermann (auth.), Keith Brander, Brian R. MacKenzie, Anders Omstedt (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642257275

ISBN-13: 9783642257278

ISBN-10: 3642257283

ISBN-13: 9783642257285

The Baltic Sea zone is an previous cultural panorama with a good constructed overseas framework for tracking, assessing and handling its marine ecosystems. It presents a great case research for different areas the place such administration is being manage. The chapters during this publication are in response to lectures given at a summer season institution at the Baltic Sea island of Bornholm in the summertime of 2009. They hide more than a few issues, spanning from targeted descriptions of political agreements that defend the marine setting, to easy modelling directions, to an evaluation of the potential affects of weather swap at the marine surroundings, to a mirrored image at the position of weather scientists and their accountability in society. This interdisciplinary booklet is essentially directed at scholars and teachers of the environmental disciplines to supply an outline of the potential affects of weather switch at the Baltic Sea. it's also meant to function a heritage reference for scientists and coverage makers, either for the Baltic Sea quarter and extra as a rule. The ebook is a contribution to the BALTEX programme and to the BONUS+ tasks ECOSUPPORT and Baltic-C.

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Extra resources for Climate Impacts on the Baltic Sea: From Science to Policy: School of Environmental Research - Organized by the Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht

Example text

ICES is a network of more than 1,600 scientists from 200 institutes linked by an intergovernmental convention (ICES 1964) to add value to national research efforts. ICES is the prime source of independent, objective scientific advice on the marine ecosystem to governments and international regulatory bodies that manage the North Atlantic and adjacent seas. In the Baltic Sea, ICES provides scientific advice to all coastal countries, HELCOM and the European Commission. 4 19 The Key Policy and Management Aim: Conserving Healthy and Sustainable Ecosystems The key marine environmental policy and management aim is to conserve healthy and sustainable ecosystems.

For research and monitoring, this can be interpreted as multidisciplinary research and integrated monitoring where, at least, data exchange and quality assurance between different fields of work is common practice. As noted previously, the process to define specific objectives for the management of marine ecosystems is a major challenge in implementing an ecosystem approach. g. human employment and livelihood) and national and international policies ending up in a political decision-making process.

Ideally indicators have three basic functions: (1) simplification; (2) quantification, and (3) communication. Thus, they should be scientifically sound, easily understood, sensitive to the change they are intended to measure/monitor, and measurable and capable of being updated regularly (Rice et al. 2005). They can be roughly divided into two groups based on their use as policy tools: (a) performance indicators related directly to effectbased policies, which have quantitative reference values and often target levels to be reached/maintained and/or limit levels which should not be transgressed; and (b) descriptive indicators which update information on important ecosystem processes but which do not have quantitative targets set for them (Backer 2008).

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Climate Impacts on the Baltic Sea: From Science to Policy: School of Environmental Research - Organized by the Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht by Marcus Reckermann (auth.), Keith Brander, Brian R. MacKenzie, Anders Omstedt (eds.)


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