By Susan Kemper, Reinhold Kliegl

ISBN-10: 0306469022

ISBN-13: 9780306469022

ISBN-10: 0792385268

ISBN-13: 9780792385264

Susan Kemper A debate concerning the function of operating reminiscence in language processing has turn into center-most in psycholinguistics (Caplan & Waters, in press; simply & chippie, 1992; simply, chippie, & Keller, 1996; Waters & Caplan, 1996). This debate matters which features of language processing are liable to operating reminiscence boundaries, how operating reminiscence is healthier measured, and even if compensatory methods can offset operating reminiscence boundaries. Age-comparative experiences are rather suitable to this debate for a number of purposes: problems with language and conversation are usually pointed out through older adults and sign the onset of Alzheimer's dementia and different pathologies linked to age; older adults generally adventure operating reminiscence boundaries that have an effect on their skill to accomplish daily actions; the speedy getting older of the U.S. inhabitants has pressured psychologists and gerontologists to ascertain the results of getting older on cognition, drawing many investigators to the examine of cognitive getting older. Older adults represent excellent inhabitants for learning how operating reminiscence obstacles have an effect on cognitive functionality, rather language and conversation. Age-comparative reports of cognitive techniques have complex our figuring out of the temporal dynamics of cognition in addition to the operating reminiscence calls for of many varieties of projects (Kliegl, Mayr, & Krampe, 1994; Mayr & Kliegl, 1993). The learn findings reviewed during this quantity have transparent implications - for addressing the sensible difficulties of older adults as shoppers of relaxation ti- analyzing, radio and tv publicizes, as goals of clinical, criminal, and fiscal records, and as contributors in an online of carrier firms and volunteer actions.

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Additional resources for Constraints on Language: Aging, Grammar and Memory

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New York: John Wiley & Sons. M. (1993). Why do semantic priming effects increase in old age? A meta-analysis. Psychology and Aging, 8,34-43. M. (1989). Speaking: From intention to articulation. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. , & Havinga, J. (1991). The time course of lexical access in speech production: A study of picture naming. Psychological Review, 98, 122-142. A. (1989). Direct and indirect tests of memory for category exemplars in young and older adults. Psychology and Aging, 4, 487492. L. (1991).

1988). Working memory, comprehension, and aging: A review and a new view. H. ), The psychology of learning and motivation Vol. 22 (pp. 193-225). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. R. (1993). Age differences in word finding in discourse and nondiscourse situations. Psychology and Aging, 8, 443-450. V. (1979). Restricted word association norms for adults between the ages of 20 and 80. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 10, (Ms. 1991). L. (1994). Stereotypes of the elderly and patronizing speech.

Rather, one would also need to see an incremental drop in performance on one task as one incrementally increased the difficulty of the other task (Kerr, 1973). Interestingly, although reports of dual-task interference are common in the literature, appearance of this full interaction necessary to support a single resource argument is exceedingly rare (see the review by Tun & Wingfield, 1993). Once one admits that the simple presence of dual-task interference does not prove single-resource theory, any more than the absence of behavioral effects in dual task studies disproves it, we can see that a belief in single resource or multiple 31 resource models rested less on hard data than on a given theorist's idea of parsimony and intuition.

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Constraints on Language: Aging, Grammar and Memory by Susan Kemper, Reinhold Kliegl

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