By Gerhard Preyer, Georg Peter

ISBN-10: 0199267405

ISBN-13: 9780199267408

In epistemology and in philosophy of language there's fierce debate concerning the function of context in wisdom, figuring out, and that means. Many modern epistemologists take heavily the thesis that epistemic vocabulary is context-sensitive. This thesis is naturally a semantic declare, so it has introduced epistemologists into touch with paintings on context in semantics through philosophers of language. This quantity brings jointly the debates, in a suite of twelve specifically written essays representing the most recent paintings via prime figures within the fields. All destiny paintings on contextualism will commence here.

Contributors:

Kent Bach, Herman Cappelen, Andy Egan, Michael Glanzberg, John Hawthorne, Ernest Lepore, Peter Ludlow, Peter Pagin, Georg Peter, Paul M. Pietroski, Gerhard Preyer, Jonathan Schaffer, Jason Stanley, Brian Weatherson, Timothy Williamson

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Extra resources for Contextualism in Philosophy: Knowledge, Meaning, and Truth

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It is true enough that we can get a comparative like ‘a is more Xattened than b’, but there is an awful lot going on that needs to be sorted out before we try to extract strong conclusions here. To begin with, keep in mind that we are now dealing with a linguistic form that began its career as an adjective (‘Xat’), is then converted to a verb (‘Xatten’), is then subsequently converted back into an adjective (‘Xattened’), and then is successfully converted to one comparative form (‘more Xattened’) but not to another (Ã ‘Xatteneder’).

1999). ‘Contextualism: Explanation and Defense’, in J. Greco and E. : Blackwell), 187–205. Dretske, F. (1981). : MIT Press). —— (2000). ‘The Pragmatic Dimension of Knowledge’, in F. Dretske, Perception, Knowledge, and Belief: Selected Issues (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Grimshaw, J. (1990). : MIT Press). , and J. Keyser (1987). : Center for Cognitive Science, MIT). Hawthorne, J. (2002). Talk presented at Rutgers Semantics Workshop. —— (2004). Knowledge and Lotteries (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

It is important to recognize, however, that there are also varieties of evidence that are neutral as to which of these speciWc options is correct, but which will lend support in equal measure to the various formulations. In this section I canvass some of these arguments, drawing the tentative conclusion that the evidence appears to support some version of the implicit L-marking thesis. 1 Explicit occurrences of hedges and references to standards of knowledge One of the most obvious tests for an implicit L-marked position would be to determine whether the verb ‘knows’ sometimes takes a phrase that indicates 30 C o n t e x t ua l i s m i n Ep i s t e m o l o g y the standard of knowledge.

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Contextualism in Philosophy: Knowledge, Meaning, and Truth by Gerhard Preyer, Georg Peter


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