By Niina Ning Zhang
Coordination in syntax is a vital a part of the research of sentence constitution. Niina Ning Zhang addresses the problems raised via coordinate pairings and the consequences of those constructions, having a look specifically at examples inside of English and chinese language. the quantity covers the foremost questions concerning coordinates in syntax, delivering a clean viewpoint to arguments raised inside of earlier literature. She explains how such coordinate complexes are based, how a few coordinators may be mixed in elements of speech, the fastened nature of a few of those pairings and what alterations exist among the coordinate and non-coordinate buildings. The theories raised are subsidized up via a wealthy number of examples in addition to supplying a cross-linguistic viewpoint, contextualising those rules inside present syntactic examine.
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Extra resources for Coordination in Syntax
47), the two examples are synonymous. 47b), something and a book are two conjuncts. 48a) is not. 49c) (also see Haspelmath 2007: (74)). 50) What and when does John (normally) eat? 9 It has also been claimed in the literature that aspectual come/go constructions such as (ia) are derived from coordinate constructions such as (ib) below. However, Shopen (1971) argues against this derivation relation (see Jaeggli and Hyams 1993: 319). (i) a. b. They go visit the dentist every year. They go and visit the dentist every year.
English and-complexes) internal conjunct external conjunct 4 Ross (1967) uses the distribution of the German word aber ‘but’ to argue that coordinators must be grouped with the second conjunct in this language. See Zhang (2006: fn 6) for a critical comment on this aber argument, although my discussion here and Ross’s argument lead to the same conclusion. 2 The binary-branching constituency b. g. Japanese to-complexes) external conjunct internal conjunct Note that in these structures, what is shown is the constituency of subcomponents of a coordinate complex, rather than the surface position of the elements within a constituent.
However, this replacement approach is ad hoc. 46b) cannot be replaced by to. 46) are true coordination data. 47) a. I need something like a book. b. I need a book or something. 48) a. Tom left before Jane arrived. b. Tom left and then Jane arrived. 49) a. Harry called up Bill, though he didn’t want to. b. Though Harry called up Bill, he didn’t want to. c. Harry called up Bill, but he didn’t want to. (Bever et al. 47), the two examples are synonymous. 47b), something and a book are two conjuncts.
Coordination in Syntax by Niina Ning Zhang