By Francesco Grande
Morphemes mixed with the Arabic noun are truly defined within the literature, yet their interpretation could be a little nebulous, and a unified scholarly research doesn't as but exist. This booklet proposes a brand new and unified viewpoint concerning those morphemes, reading them as copulae, and the buildings during which they take place as cases of predication.
Analyzing morphemes mixed with the Arabic noun as copulae explains a lot of their confusing homes (rise and lack of declension, proteiform nature of nunation, etc.). Emphasis is put on facts formerly marginalized within the description of those morphemes, from pre-Classical Arabic transmitted by way of Arab Grammarians, Semitic languages that contributed to the emergence of Arabic via language touch, and approximately 30 languages genetically unrelated to Arabic.
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Additional info for Copulae in the Arabic Noun Phrase: A Unified Analysis of Arabic Adnominal Markers
Likewise, in order to establish that š-, ḏ- are copulae (Y), and not relative pronouns, one should devise some diagnostic test demonstrating that š-, ḏ- behave like or have the properties of a copula (X). In this respect, the diagnostic test proposed by Pennacchietti to recognize a copula (requirement of complementation) is not totally convincing, since the relative pronoun too cannot stand alone (cp. ). Even conceding, for the sake of argument, that š-, ḏ- are not (co)referential relative pronouns but non-referential copulae (predication analysis), Pennacchietti’s explanation still needs to be integrated with diagnostic tests.
7 Developing Predication Analysis The picture that emerges from the discussion thus far is that Arabic adnominal markers can be given a unified explanation (III) if some refined version of Pennacchietti’s predication analysis is adopted as a working hypothesis (I, II). ) while case is still in need of an explanation in terms of predication analysis. The previous sections have also highlighted that predication analysis has been combined in the literature with another proposal, which will be used here as an additional working hypothesis: the structural similarity between the Arabic modification structure and that found in numeral classifier languages (VII).
5, the OA native speakers accepted as authoritative are not only Ibn Zubayr, belonging to the Bedouin tribe of Banū ʾAsad, but also Ibn ʿAbbās, born in a sedentary milieu (Medina). , or from lost works dating back to the same period (Owens 2006, 63–64, 88, 198–199). There are, however, some linguistic materials of the period from 300 to 800 ad that Owens (2006, 7–8, 39) does not consider as attestations of OA because they bear marks of later manipulation and systematization which assimilated them to CA,18 to wit: • Pre- and Early Islamic poetry • the so-called ʾādāb literature (courtly literature, belles lettres) This consideration, though, has no bearing on the lines of pre- and Early Islamic poetry that Sībawayhi, al-Farrāʾ and more generally the Arab Grammarians often cite to exemplify a given linguistic fact of OA.
Copulae in the Arabic Noun Phrase: A Unified Analysis of Arabic Adnominal Markers by Francesco Grande