By Robert W. Sussman (auth.), L. Alterman, Gerald A. Doyle, M. Kay Izard (eds.)
The papers during this quantity are consultant of these provided at a convention entitled "Creatures of the darkish: The Nocturnal Prosimians," held at Duke collage, June 9-12, 1993. the aim of the convention, attended by way of greater than a hundred scientists, was once to gather, for the ftrst time ever, students from diversified ftelds with a typical curiosity within the nocturnal prosimian primates. The historical past of the precursors of this assembly are defined within the historic viewpoint by way of Doyle (this volume). lots of the invited papers are provided the following in converted shape, as are numerous papers initially offered as posters. papers are incorporated that weren't provided, as a result of scheduling conftcts and well-being concerns. a few papers, added from the rostrum, aren't integrated during this quantity. Interactions between convention individuals ended in many revisions to the contributions, as did the reviews of reviewers and the editors. numerous papers which contained new information or new interpretations of universal phenomena met with positive feedback, leading to amendment of the unique papers. We thank all the participants for his or her persistence and cooperation, and commend the varied reviewers who generously donated their time and services. We tremendously relish investment from the nationwide Institutes of health and wellbeing, the Wenner Gren origin for Anthropological examine, the Duke collage middle for foreign reviews, the Duke college Primate middle, and Drs. Charles Putman of Duke college and Malcolm Gillis, at the moment of Rice Universtiy.
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Additional info for Creatures of the Dark: The Nocturnal Prosimians
Bancanus ground-dwelling prey are visually located from "perches" clinging to vertical tree-trunks a meter or so above ground level, allowing a substantial area of ground to be examined. Then, a leap to the ground is made, the prey seized manually and transferred to the mouth, and a leap made back up to a perch before the prey is masticated and swallowed. In T. bancanus, predatory behavior at or near ground level is the chief means of prey capture at all seasons. Tarsiers are, as Niemitz (1984a) points out, rather like owls, and indeed forest owls also pounce on their prey from a distance of a meter or so.
L. (1974). A preliminary study of the western tarsier, Tarsius bancanus Horsfield. D. A. Doyle & A. C. l51-165. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press. Garber, P. (1980). Locomotor behavior and feeding ecology of the Panamanian tamarin (Saguinus oedipus geoffroyi (Callithricidae, Primates). International Journal of Primatology, I, 185-20 I. L. (1986). Anthropoid origins - the foot evidence. Journal of Human Evolution, 15 (6), 421-430. L. (1988). Foot Morphology and Locomotor Adaptation in Eocene Primates.
West-Eberhard (1983), too, has argued that "runaway" sexual selection may be responsible for rapid rates of speciation in some groups. Sexual selection, a microevolutionary theory, comprises two processes: intrasexual selection (also referred to as "male-male competition", since in most cases it is the males that compete), and intersexual selection (often termed "mate"l"female choice"). Mate choice is based either on mating territories which have been won by intrasexual selection, or on epigarnic characters which are assumed to be heritable.
Creatures of the Dark: The Nocturnal Prosimians by Robert W. Sussman (auth.), L. Alterman, Gerald A. Doyle, M. Kay Izard (eds.)