By Ritva Laury
The learn of clause combining has been complex in recent times by way of expanding curiosity within the learn of exact language use in a typologically various set of languages. a few acquired understandings were challenged, between those the assumption of clause combos as being divisible into subordination and coordination in a binary model. attached to this concept is the character of conjunctions, an issue handled in numerous articles the following. Couched in the greater factor of the character of categoriality in language, a number of of the papers convey that conjunctions are hugely polyfunctional goods, and that clause combining is just one of the makes use of to which audio system positioned them. different themes taken care of within the quantity are the historic improvement of conjunctions and using formulaic major clause structures as projective devices in dialog. The articles appear either typological and theoretical breadth. they're according to info from Bulgarian, English, Estonian, Finnish, Indonesian, eastern, and Spanish. The theoretical methods contain discourse-functional, interactional, historic and generative linguistics.
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Additional info for Crosslinguistic Studies of Clause Combining: The Multifunctionality of Conjunctions
The discourse conditions for the use of the complementizer that in conversational English. Journal of Pragmatics 15(3): 237–251. A. & Mulac, A. 1991b. A quantitative perspective on the grammaticization of epistemic parentheticals in English. In Approaches to Grammaticalization. Vol. 2, E. Traugott & B. Heine (Eds), 313–329. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Appendix A. Abbreviations and glosses 1sg, 2sg, 3sg, 1pl, 2pl, 3pl aff app at def ex neg nv prt pt redup first, second, and third person, singular and plural affirmative backchannel applicative suffix: -i, -kan, or -in Agent-Trigger prefix: N- or meN-nya suffix (definite, possessive, and other functions) existential morpheme: ada negative morpheme nonvolitional prefix: ter- or kediscourse particle Patient-Trigger prefix: direduplication Appendix B.
Tata Bahasa Baku Bahasa Indonesia, 2nd Edn. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Republik Indonesia. Comrie, B. 1989. Language Universals and Linguistic Typology, 2nd Edn. Chicago IL: Chicago University Press. Comrie, B. 1998. Rethinking the typology of relative clauses. Language Design 1(1): 59–86. Croft, W. 2001. Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective. Oxford: OUP. Cumming, S. 2000. Functional range and overlapping types: colloquial Indonesian yang-phrases.
The expression minta ampun indicates something is true to a great and negative extreme. From subordinate clause to noun-phrase (18) (“Dingdong” IU 843–845) 843 Yang kemarin. yang yesterday 844 Yang rambut panjang itu. yang hair long that 845 Yang ininya yang this-def dicukur. pt-shave ‘The one from the other day. That one with long hair. ’ Immediately prior to this excerpt, speaker L (Lala) had been talking about one of the women he met at a club (one member of the same group of women he was talking about in (17) which occurs later in the same conversation).
Crosslinguistic Studies of Clause Combining: The Multifunctionality of Conjunctions by Ritva Laury