By Ritva Leppihalme
This paintings makes a speciality of translators and readers as contributors within the communicative approach, the place using allusions is one kind of challenge to be solved. Reader-response exams and interviews with specialist translators spotlight the trouble in conveying the functionality and which means of allusive passages to readers in one other tradition. the numerous examples mentioned additionally offer fabrics for translation lecturers desirous to tackle the interpretation of allusions of their classes.
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Extra info for Culture Bumps: An Empirical Approach to the Translation of Allusions (Topics in Translation , No 10)
With warm feelings I acknowledge the support of all my friends and colleagues at the Helsinki University English department, the Kouvola department of translation studies, and other university departments throughout Finland. I would like to thank especially those who, as native speakers of English, gave me access to their responses to allusions. I also wish to express my sincere thanks for their cooperation to the translators Elsa Carroll, Liisa Hakola, Erkki Jukarainen, Kalevi Nyytäjä, Eila Salminen and Anna-Laura Talvio 'Elone, who kindly agreed to be interviewed for this study.
Granted, not all instances of borrowed words in English are true allusions where echoes of the evoked context are assumed to colour the new context for the receiver. , and in both, the modifications are similar (a change from interrogative to declarative, and the replacement of the same two nouns by others). In the context, however, the first allusion, which occurred in a British cinematic version of Edmond Rostand's Cyrano de Bergerac, will, if its source is recognised by the receiver, actualise Marlowe's Dr Faustus and therefore allow for a rich interpretation involving both mock-heroism and tragedy.
The term 'culture bump' has been used by Carol M. Archer (1986:170-1) of problems in face-to-face intercultural communication which are milder than culture shocks: 'A culture bump occurs when an individual finds himself or herself in a different, strange, or uncomfortable situation when interacting with persons of a different culture'. I have extended the use of her term to translation, for a situation where the reader of a TT has a problem understanding a source-cultural allusion. Such an allusion may well fail to function in the TT, as it is not part of the TL reader's culture.
Culture Bumps: An Empirical Approach to the Translation of Allusions (Topics in Translation , No 10) by Ritva Leppihalme