By Robert J. Sharer
Experience way of life in Maya civilization, from its earliest beginnings to the Spanish conquest within the sixteenth century. Narrative chapters describe Mayan political lifestyles, financial system, social constitution, faith, writing, war, and medical equipment. Readers will discover the Mayan calendar, counting approach, searching and collecting tools, language, and kin roles and relationships. A revised and multiplied variation in keeping with the most recent archaeological study, this quantity bargains new interpretations and corrects renowned misconceptions, and indicates how the Maya tailored to their setting and preserved their tradition and language over hundreds of thousands of years. Over 60 images and illustrations, numerous of latest archaeological websites, increase the cloth, and an increased source middle bibliography contains websites and DVDs for additional learn. The final bankruptcy discusses what Maya civilization skill for us at the present time and what we will examine from Maya achievements and screw ups. A first-stop reference resource for any scholar of Latin American and local American historical past and culture.
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Extra resources for Daily Life in Maya Civilization
This created needs for new products and spurred the production of new commodities. By the beginning of the Early Preclassic period (ca. ), people throughout Mesoamerica were making a variety of pottery and other goods and trading these items with other communities. Growth of trade also spurred the development of larger and more complex societies. Some people produced more food and other commodities or controlled some goods by being more successful in trading with other groups. These economic successes gave these early entrepreneurs greater status and prestige.
Archaeologists can recognize the beginnings and development of preindustrial states from clues left in ruins of ancient cities. Most preindustrial states developed from somewhat less complex societies called chiefdoms. These are complex societies managed by an elite group under one ultimate authority or chief. But, unlike the rulers of states, chiefs have little coercive or political power. They rule by controlling religion and wealth; that is, their ability to control their subjects comes from religious beliefs and from the tribute they collect as a result of those beliefs.
Wild plants and animals provided food, clothing, shelter, and medicine. The underlying limestone was easily quarried with stone tools (the Maya had no hard metals) and was used as a durable building material. By burning limestone and mixing it with water and sand, they made plaster, which they used to cover and protect their buildings and to pave their plazas and causeways. They also mined chert, or flint, which was chipped into a variety of cutting, chopping, and scraping tools. With such resources and others imported from the highlands, the lowlands became the productive heartland of Maya civilization.
Daily Life in Maya Civilization by Robert J. Sharer