By Tulia G. Falleti
Is it usually real that decentralization reforms placed extra strength within the fingers of governors and mayors? In postdevelopmental Latin the US, the fantastic solution to this query isn't any. actually, quite a few results are attainable, based mostly on who initiates the reforms, how they're initiated, and in what order they're brought. Tulia G. Falleti attracts on large fieldwork, in-depth interviews, archival files, and quantitative facts to give an explanation for the trajectories of decentralization strategies and their markedly diversified results in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico. In her research, she develops a sequential idea and procedure which are profitable in explaining this counterintuitive outcome. Her study contributes to the literature on direction dependence and institutional evolution and should be of curiosity to students of decentralization, federalism, subnational politics, intergovernmental family members, and Latin American politics.
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Additional info for Decentralization and Subnational Politics in Latin America
Scholars differ in opinion as to the question of when a path-dependent process starts, identifying either critical junctures (Collier and Collier 1991) or contingent events (Mahoney 2000) as possible points of origin. I partially depart from those approaches. My claim is that the meanings and contents of decentralization policies and their interactions with the broader political and economic systems are largely determined by the type of nation-state they seek to reform. As a result, a new sequence of decentralization originates whenever a decentralization policy is implemented in the context of a new type of nation-state.
Nonetheless, Argentina is the country where the intergovernmental balance of power evolved the least. Mexico, on the other hand, has a centralized party system, but its intergovernmental balance of power changed considerably once decentralization measures were undertaken. Finally, it could also be argued that the degree of change in intergovernmental relations that decentralization brings about is dependent on the type of constitution and government within a country. Robert Dahl (1986) argues that because federal constitutions confer autonomy to subnational units, this should lead to a higher degree of devolution of power than in unitary countries.
And, although a mayoral association was formed in 1997, it remains weak and ineffective for organizing the corporatist interests of Argentine municipalities. As succinctly stated in a World Bank report, “Argentina is arguably one of the most decentralized countries [in Latin America] but has essentially the same political and fiscal structure it had before the military intervened in 1976. In contrast, Colombia has radically increased the power and responsibilities of subnational units of government” (Burki et al.
Decentralization and Subnational Politics in Latin America by Tulia G. Falleti