By William Robertson Smith

William Robertson Smith (1846-1894) conflict ein schottischer Theologe der loose Church of Scotland und Professor für Altes testomony. Er struggle ein Exponent des kirchlichen Liberalismus und warfare mit James George Frazer (1854–1941) befreundet. Seit 1881 warfare er Professor für Arabisch an der collage of Cambridge. Als Robertson Smith’ bekanntestes Werk gilt die Veröffentlichung seiner Vorlesungen über "Die faith der Semiten" - ein Klassiker der vergleichenden Religionswissenschaft. Aus ethnologischem Interesse reiste Robertson Smith dann 1878 und 1879 einige Monate nach Ägypten, Syrien und Palästina. Daraufhin veröffentlichte er im Jahr 1880 einen Aufsatz "Animal Worship and Animal Tribes one of the Arabs and within the previous Testament". In diesem Aufsatz legte er dar, dass die biblischen Stämme Totems besessen hätten. Des Weiteren sah er in den biblischen Stämmen Exogamie und Polyandrie verbreitet und schloss damit, dass Israel es nicht geschafft habe, sich über das niedrigste Heidentum zu erheben. Am Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts erfuhr William Robertson Smith’ Werk ein gesteigertes Interesse, da Robertson Smith’ Ansatz, aus dem Studium der historischen Bedingungen von Schriftreligionen das Verstehen elementarer Gesellschaftsstrukturen herzuleiten, zunehmend Akzeptanz fand. (Wiki) Nachdruck der Originalauflage von 1899.

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Desk of Contents
Editor's Introduction
1. The BuddhaÕs traditional and supreme Tooth
Ð John Buescher
2. Ask a Farmer: final research and Conventional
Existence in Tsong kha pa's Lam rim chen mo
Ð man Newland
3. portray the objective: at the identity of the
Object of Negation (dgag bya) Ð Donald S. Lopez, Jr.
4. slicing the Roots of advantage: Tsong kha pa on the
Results of Anger Ð Daniel Cozort
5. Ethics because the foundation of a Tantric culture: Tsong kha pa
and the Founding of the dGe lugs Order in Tibet
Ð Elizabeth Napper
6. Bon rDzogs chen on Authenticity (pramÝna, tshad ma):
Prose and Poetry at the course Ð Anne Carolyn Klein
7. The dGe ldanÐbKaÕ brgyud culture of MahÝmudrÝ:
How a lot dGe ldan? How a lot bKaÕ brgyud?
Ð Roger R. Jackson
8. Demons at the mom: Objections to the Perfect
Wisdom Sñtras in Tibet Ð Gareth Sparham
9. Gung thang and Sa bzang Ma ti Paû chen on the
Meaning of ÒFoundational ConsciousnessÓ
(Ýlaya, kun gzhi) Ð Joe Bransford Wilson
10. Authorship and Literary creation in
Classical Buddhist Tibet Ð JosŽ Ignacio Cabez—n
11. Altruism and Adversity: views from Psychoanalytic
Object kinfolk idea Ð Harvey B. Aronson
12. Drawing the metal Bow: A Bibliographic Appreciation
of the Literary Legacy of Paul Jeffrey Hopkins
and His application on the college of Virginia
Ð Paul G. Hackett
Contributors 327

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It is purification-that's why it is known as shine, which means dwelling in peace, or purfication. Shamatha does not involve any metaphysical or philosophical demand on your intelligence or on your awareness, particularly. It is just being there in the present. You have a· lot of opportunities for that during 45 this particular period of sitting practice.

You can't expect that. But I think the motivation is the willingness to give in, the willingness to open and to be strenuous. Whether you are willing to commit yourself or whether you're willing to cop out-that's the basic question. Q: So if you sit down and you're willing to be strenuous, but you're only actually with your breath maybe twice during the day-well that's a little exaggerated-that's still going in the right direction? 42 R: I think so, yeah. Your attitude is more important than anything else.

As long as we can understand, and as long as there is room for discipline, the practice of shamatha can change our state of being. Shamatha is geared to the idea of freeing oneself from the hell realm, the hungry ghost realm, and the animal realm, both physicall-y and psychologically. That is the case because psychologically we are paying attention to what is happening with us, and physically we're paying attention to what we are doing step by step, from the microscopic level to the cosmic level.

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Die Religion der Semiten by William Robertson Smith

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