By Silvio Cruschina
During this quantity Silvio Cruschina makes use of a comparative research to figure out the syntax of the sensible projections linked to discourse-related gains, and to account for the marked observe orders present in Romance-particularly within the fronting phenomena. a number of language-specific analyses of discourse-related phenomena were proposed within the literature, together with reports at the notions of subject and concentration in Romance, however the loss of a uniform definition of those notions, including diverse assumptions relating to the triggering good points, has resulted in the notion that the Romance languages convey many distinctive and heterogeneous houses with recognize to dislocation and fronting buildings. This quantity is meant to counterpoint the prevailing literature by way of integrating contemporary paintings at the subject and by way of emphasizing unique and unifying reflections that mix and coordinate various components. Cruschina's investigations make clear primary notions similar to subject, concentration, and distinction, drawing on new information from Sicilian, Sardinian, and different Romance forms.
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Extra resources for Discourse-Related Features and Functional Projections
Topicalization, focus fronting, clefting, inversion). Moreover, discourse-related features determine the parametric variation found with respect to focus strategies and the syntax of interrogative sentences. Following the criterial approach, our answer to the original question of whether topic and focus features are visible for the syntactic computation is then a positive one. We do assume that discourse-related features are optional formal features that are assigned to lexical items in the Numeration, and that the information structure of a sentence is therefore predetermined in the Numeration (cf.
15 One of the backbones of the cartographic approach is Kayne’s (1994) Linear Correspondence Axiom (LCA), built on a strict version of the X-bar theory and on a principle of asymmetric c-command that closely match the liner order of the constituents. Adopting these tenets, the Cartographic Project has arrived at a conception of the syntactic structure as a universal hierarchy of functional projections by which it attempts to capture the empirical complexity of linguistic domains and the superficial differences in the linear orderings of the constituents across languages (cf.
As illustrated in (26) (Rizzi 2006a: 102):22 (26) XPF and XF must be in a Spec-head configuration, for F =Q , Top, Foc, R, . . Under this view, the mapping between syntax and the notions of topic and focus is one-to-one: The checking of the criterial feature accounts for both the syntactic movement and the semantic properties associated with these notions. As for the prosodic facts, they are easily accommodated on the basis of the cartographic assumption of a univocal correspondence between functional projections and interfaces properties.
Discourse-Related Features and Functional Projections by Silvio Cruschina