By David Michaels
"Doubt is our product," a cigarette government as soon as saw, "since it's the top technique of competing with the 'body of fact' that exists within the minds of most of the people. it's also the technique of setting up a controversy."
during this eye-opening reveal, David Michaels unearths how the tobacco industry's duplicitous strategies spawned a multimillion greenback that's dismantling public wellbeing and fitness safeguards. Product protection specialists, he argues, have more and more skewed the medical literature, synthetic and magnified clinical uncertainty, and motivated coverage judgements to the good thing about polluters and the brands of risky items. to maintain the general public stressed concerning the risks posed by way of worldwide warming, second-hand smoke, asbestos, lead, plastics, and lots of different poisonous fabrics, executives have employed unscrupulous scientists and lobbyists to dispute medical facts approximately well-being hazards. In doing so, they've got not just not on time motion on particular dangers, yet they've got built obstacles to make it tougher for lawmakers, govt corporations, and courts to reply to destiny threats. The Orwellian technique of brushing aside learn performed by way of the medical group as "junk science" and raising technology carried out by means of product security experts to "sound science" prestige additionally creates confusion in regards to the very nature of clinical inquiry and undermines the public's self assurance in science's skill to deal with public health and wellbeing and environmental matters Such reckless practices have lengthy existed, yet Michaels argues that the Bush management deepened the disorder via almost delivering regulatory organisations to the very company powers whose items and behaviour they're charged with overseeing.
In Doubt Is Their Product Michaels proves, past a doubt, that our regulatory procedure has been damaged. He bargains concrete, attainable feedback for the way it may be restored by means of taking the politics out of technological know-how and making sure that difficulty for public defense, instead of inner most gains, publications our regulatory policy.
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Extra info for Doubt is Their Product: How Industry's Assault on Science Threatens Your Health
RIMI was not particularly successful at improving the research quality at the minority-serving institutions, but the CREST grants were of a larger scale, providing up to $1 million per year for up to two five-year periods. A 2001 evaluation of CREST commended the salutary effects it had on minority education and the exposure to research that it provided to undergraduate and graduate students. The Louis Stokes Alliances for Minority Participation (LSAMP) Program, created in 1991, is devoted to increasing the quality and quantity of undergraduates studying STEM disciplines and increasing the number of socioeconomically disadvantaged and underserved students entering graduate school in these fields.
Sevo and Chubin 2010; also see Sevo and Chubin 2011) As the program officer explained, “those grants suddenly began to have a national impact in that it wasn’t just publicity about this really cool thing. It was substantial long-term contact with communities. ” (Sevo 2014) For example, the National Center for Women & Information Technology (NCWIT), today one of the most effective and widereaching organizations in the broadening participation field, received two large grants from this program.
24 2 Opening Computing Careers to Underrepresented Groups a very valuable thing for the agency and for the nation at large. It’s the holding ourselves accountable for the types of outcomes we see we’re trying to create. Do we have the right programs in place? Do we need to rethink some things? Is the agency allocating resources appropriately to support this objective? 3 Two NSF Gender Diversity Programs in STEM Before turning to the broadening participation programs within CISE, we will profile two other NSF programs that had an important shaping influence on the CISE programs: the Program for Gender Diversity in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology established in 1993 and the ADVANCE program established in 2001.
Doubt is Their Product: How Industry's Assault on Science Threatens Your Health by David Michaels