By Araceli Tinajero

ISBN-10: 0292721757

ISBN-13: 9780292721753

The perform of analyzing aloud has a protracted historical past, and the culture nonetheless survives in Cuba as a hard-won correct deeply embedded in cigar manufacturing facility staff' tradition. In El Lector, Araceli Tinajero deftly lines the evolution of the reader from nineteenth-century Cuba to the current and its eventual dissemination to Tampa, Key West, Puerto Rico, and Mexico. In interviews with present-day and retired readers, she documents stories that in a different way could were misplaced endlessly, making a worthy archive for destiny historians.

Through an in depth exam of journals, newspapers, and private interviews, Tinajero relates how the studying used to be prepared, how the readers and readings have been chosen, and the way the method affected the connection among staff and manufacturing unit vendors. due to the reader, cigar manufacturing unit employees have been way more cultured and in contact with the political currents of the day than different staff. however it used to be not just the analyzing fabric, which supplied political and literary info that yielded self-education, that motivated the staff; the act of being learn to elevated the self-discipline and timing of the artisan's job.

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The writers in La Aurora were aware of their pedagogical task via reading aloud, and, bearing in mind that what they wrote would be heard by the masses, they wrote not only in exquisitely poetic prose, but also in a style that merited being read aloud (La Aurora, June 17, 1866; original emphasis): Indeed, when we, from the corner of a cigar workshop, rise to the pinnacle of publicity, we leave behind our horizons, which are overcast with the clouds of an unnamed darkness.  . As poets of greater or lesser merit, we have taken up the trumpet of civilization and called our peers into the edifice of intelligence that they might bring forth and polish their ideas in the crucible of the new era: we have shown them the easiest way to reach the marketplace of great ideas.

The atmosphere in which reading took place was that of a monastic or academic milieu, with total silence and discipline. The lector read to a seated group of people, most of whom could see and hear him. The work that was read was first subject to the scrutiny of Jaime Partagás, the owner of the factory, who enthusiastically supported the reading, provided he approved the texts in advance. This superior authority thus controlled the reading program and its curriculum. Soon a need arose to negotiate what should and should not be read, because it was the cigar workers themselves who paid the lector.

The Establishment of the First Platform for the Lector One month after reading aloud was established in the Partagás Factory, the owner donated a platform so that the lector could do his job from it. A ceremony marked the delivery of this pulpit, though it certainly had neither a railing nor a canopy. The platform was placed in the middle of the workshop. The owner, Jaime Partagás, climbed up on the platform and from there, as might a priest, leader, or teacher, said a short prayer, to which the cuba from cuba to spain 21 lector responded.

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El Lector: A History of the Cigar Factory Reader (Llilas Translations from Latin America Series) by Araceli Tinajero

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