By Anil Gupta

ISBN-10: 019536726X

ISBN-13: 9780195367263

This booklet bargains a singular account of the connection of expertise to wisdom. The account builds at the intuitive concept that our traditional perceptual judgments usually are not self sustaining, that an interdependence obtains among our view of the area and our perceptual judgments. Anil Gupta indicates during this very important learn that this interdependence is the main to a passable account of expertise. He makes use of instruments from good judgment and the philosophy of language to argue that his account of expertise makes to be had an enticing and possible empiricism.

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31–32) There is much that is attractive in McDowell’s picture: it preserves the commonsense view of experience, it assigns experience a rational role in shaping empirical knowledge, it frees the idea of ‘‘the given’’ from mythical elements, and much else. But these gains are obtained at a high price. McDowell’s account is bound to violate either the Equivalence or the Reliability constraint. If an illusory experience has a conceptual content different from a subjectively identical veridical experience, then Equivalence is violated.

Indeed, it cannot be any sort pertaining to external objects. What then might K be? By the Equivalence and Reliability constraints, K must be such that the perceptual judgment ‘‘that K is F ’’ is true with respect to e and also with respect to any subjectively identical experience e¢. The K, then, must exist and be F even when e¢ is a dream or a hallucination. 29 When I had the experience e, I was prepared—and was entitled—to make the perceptual judgments ‘‘that tie is red,’’ ‘‘that 28. The appeal to Reliability is eliminable here also.

The constraint would now require that relevantly similar experiences yield relevantly similar givens. The idea here is hard to make precise, but the intuition is fairly robust. The experience of seeing a tomato against a white background is in some respects subjectively similar to the experience of seeing the same tomato against a yellow background. This similarity demands, according to the strengthened constraint, that there be a corresponding similarity in the givens yielded by the two experiences.

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Empiricism and Experience by Anil Gupta


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