By Beth Levin
During this wealthy reference paintings, Beth Levin classifies over 3,000 English verbs based on shared which means and behaviour. Levin starts off with the speculation verb's which means affects its syntactic habit and develops it right into a strong device for learning the English verb lexicon. She exhibits how selecting verbs with related syntactic habit offers an efficient technique of distinguishing semantically coherent verb sessions, and isolates those sessions through analyzing verb habit with admire to quite a lot of syntactic alternations that mirror verb that means. the 1st a part of the ebook units out trade ways that verbs can exhibit their arguments. the second one provides periods of verbs that proportion a kernel of which means and explores intimately the habit of every type, drawing at the alternations within the first half. Levin's dialogue of every classification and alternation comprises lists of correct verbs, illustrative examples, reviews on noteworthy homes, and bibliographic references. the result's an unique, systematic photo of the association of the verb stock. effortless to take advantage of, English Verb sessions and Alternations units the degree for extra explorations of the interface among lexical semantics and syntax. it is going to turn out critical for theoretical and computational linguists, psycholinguists, cognitive scientists, lexicographers, and academics of English as a moment language.
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Extra resources for English Verb Classes and Alternations: A Preliminary Investigation
Rope, screw, seal, shackle skewer, solder, staple, stitch, strap, string, tack, tape, tether, thumbtack, . ee- Sht, chain, clamp, clasp, clip, epoxy, fetter, glue, gum, hand- cuff, harness, hinge, hitch, hook, knot, lace, lash, lasso, latch, leash, link, lock, loop, manacle, moor, muzzle, nail, padlock, beat, bundle, cluster, collate, gather glom am herd, jumble, lump, mass, package, pair, roll shuffle, stir, whip, whisk P=into: beat collect, scramble, shake, shuffle, splice, stir swiii whip, whisk P=to: append attach, baste, bind, bond, fasten, fuse, graft, mow.
Comments: The image impression alternation superficial') ' spray/load form of the locative alternation and has sometime ' j «»Sl J tCv ce . eStlCk . xi11,6auieo Smh0hWln8 character,zed altemation takenagent, three aarguments that location, and nstrume r ent is moved by the agent into contact with the 69 68 i iO location; thus the instrument also qualifies as a theme in the Grub sense. The agent is always expressed as the subject . ' Either the I . , 1 . ! q r-& ni the alf . B . \ u alln, this alternation is the use of the preposition against to head the phrase expressing the location.
Welcomr be characterized as an agent, a location, and an instrument this alternation is the use of the preposition through to i praise Comments: The verbs showing this alternation, like " with/against alternation, take arguments that as a first aPPr0 t ridicule, scold, scorn, shame snub, upbraid, victimize, mVVUDGMENT VERBS: COmpenSate com Paula hit the fence with the stick. " , , , Vilify a. * Paula hit the stick through/into the fence. b , , pinch, prod, sting, stroke, tickle, touch (218) , , club, conk, cosh, cudgel, cuff, flog, knife, paddle paddy«to£ pummel, sock, spank, strap, thrash, truncheon, wallojM .
English Verb Classes and Alternations: A Preliminary Investigation by Beth Levin