By Heike Wiese
Each linguistic idea has to return to grips with a basic estate of human language: the life of exceptions, i.e. phenomena that don't stick with the traditional styles one observes another way. The contributions to this quantity speak about and exemplify a number of ways to exceptionality inside assorted formal and non-formal frameworks.
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Additional info for Expecting the Unexpected: Exceptions in Grammar
Askedal 1997). , rauchen ‘to smoke’ despite the phonological near-identity of the verbs: (11) Sie raucht / *rauch. g. Er darf nicht singen. : ‘He must not sing. ’ 20 Horst J. Simon and Heike Wiese irregular features – but from the point of view of modal verbs, brauchen becomes regularised, being integrated into their speciﬁc, exceptional, subsystem. This development demonstrates the power of the system not only in the case of the overall, more general system – here: verbal morpho-syntax – but also in the case of subsystems constituted by irregular forms that present an exception from the point of view of this general system.
B. *Das Flugzeug landet in Paris not. ’ c. …, weil das Flugzeug in Paris not-landet. ’ The verbs concerned are word formation products in some way or other (from back formation, conversion, incorporation or double-preﬁxation). So, what we see here is a syntatic exception that is governed by the morphological make-up of its constituent parts. But this alone cannot be sufﬁcient; other factors such 34. Cf. Spencer and Zwicky (1998: 4–6). What are exceptions? And what can be done about them? 23 as potential analogy to particle verbs seem to play a role as well, cf.
In the diagrams below, R stands for ‘regular’, E stands for ‘exceptional’. (13) a. two faces of a single representation R E b. two strata in a single representation c. separate representations in a single component R E Coming to grips with exceptions d. 43 separate representations in separate components R E The four ways of splitting exceptional structures differ in the amount of independent support available for the two contradictory representations of the construction. If there is independent evidence for the existence of the two faces, strata, levels, or components that the structures are split into, the analysis is more convincing.
Expecting the Unexpected: Exceptions in Grammar by Heike Wiese