By Sylvie Hancil, Alexander Haselow, Margje Post (eds.)
This quantity brings jointly 16 in-depth experiences of ultimate debris in a number of languages of the area, delivering a wealthy number of methological methods to this nonetheless particularly underresearched type of components. ultimate debris bargains an summary of the differing kinds of ultimate debris present in typologically specified languages and of usual grammaticalization pathways that those components have taken.
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Additional info for Final Particles
The elements highlighted in bold in (1), which occur predominantly in spoken discourse, are what we and many other linguists analyzing these items call final particles (FPs). More specific terms are sentence-final and utterance-final particles. The term sentence-final particle is widely used for Asian languages and in studies written in a generative framework. Some contributors to this volume prefer the term utterance-final particle, since the units involved need not have the form of a complete sentence and the particles themselves usually have no constituent status.
But they seem to be less preferred from a typological perspective. Each of the four subtypes of FPs will be briefly discussed below. A fifth category includes FPs in Asian languages such as Mandarin Chinese and Cantonese, which differ somewhat in their function from FPs in European languages. 1 Final particles of the conjunction type Over the past decade several studies have analyzed the use of conjunction-type words as possible utterance- or turn-completion points, especially for English (Mulder and Thompson 2008), Finnish (Koivisto 2012) and Japanese (Izutsu and Izutsu 2014).
E. they provide an interpretive cue to the hearer, and serve the integration of an utterance in the local discourse context. Structurally, the use of FPs is not licensed by syntactic rules, but determined by the context as they relate an utterance to a variety of aspects of the communicative context, such as the speaker’s stance, the illocutionary goal of the speaker, and discourse cohesion. Thus, they do not participate in the organization of sentence structure, but are loosely connected with a syntactic unit.
Final Particles by Sylvie Hancil, Alexander Haselow, Margje Post (eds.)