By Florencia Franceschina
This monograph is a theoretical and empirical research into the mechanisms and reasons of winning and unsuccessful grownup moment language acquisition.Couched inside a generative framework, the learn explores how a learner’s first language and the age at which they collect their moment language may perhaps give a contribution to the L2 wisdom that they could finally reach. The empirical examine makes a speciality of a bunch of very complicated L2 audio system, and during a sequence of checks goals to find what underpins their close to mastery of grammatical gender and different grammatical properties.The publication explores an account of power selective divergence in accordance with the concept baby and grownup newbies are essentially related, other than that during adults the L1 performs the position of a reasonably inflexible clear out of the linguistic enter. The impossibility of representing the hot aim language except by utilizing the construction blocks of the formerly demonstrated L1 is argued to be the most it's because close to yet no longer completely local like language representations are shaped and develop into proven in grownup L2 novices.
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Additional resources for Fossilized Second Language Grammars: The Acquisition of Grammatical Gender
If at least some L2 speakers can achieve nativelike knowledge of the L2 grammar, then we must conclude that multilingualism itself is not a barrier to nativelikeness. 4b) has been that it is uninteresting at best, and misguided at worst. For example, White (1998) concludes a section on this topic by stating that “the issue [. ] is whether the IL grammar is a ‘possible’ grammar, not whether it is equivalent to the L2 grammar” (p. 10 Bley-Vroman (1983) labeled the tendency of much SLA research to use the TL/NS as the norm against which to measure L2 grammars the comparative fallacy.
5) in other narrowly defined SLA settings. One sensible question to ask at this point is whether the three key assumptions I have made are all necessary to account for SLA outcomes. I shall consider this by evaluating the plausibility of building a theory of SLA based on only two of these assumptions at a time. 1. I would like to argue that theories A-C would not be satisfactory theories of SLA. Theory A can be discarded on the basis of numerous empirical studies which have shown that L2 grammars are constrained by UG, even when they are not nativelike (see the references cited in this connection at the beginning of this section; also see the discussion of the Fundamental Difference Hypothesis and similar proposals in Chapter 3).
She contrasts these subjects’ performance with that of the L1 English subjects in the same study, who are claimed to have optional representations for the same L2 syntactic phenomenon. A question that arises in connection with the definition of nativelikeness (or lack thereof) is how it can be measured. One proxy that can be used is degree of variability. A caveat is in place here, though. Firstly, one should bear in mind any potentially masking effects of systematic divergence. Secondly, there may be factors other than those being investigated contributing to the variability.
Fossilized Second Language Grammars: The Acquisition of Grammatical Gender by Florencia Franceschina