By Husain Abdul Sattar

ISBN-10: 0971276110

ISBN-13: 9780971276116

This publication comes with a CD that has uncomplicated audio directions for every bankruptcy. Verb conjugates is crucial a part of Arabic grammar. during this publication verb conjugate charts ordered in classical, appropriately spelled and but consumer pleasant approach. those that research classical Arabic should have it.

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29 Placing the three base letters on the pattern ‫ﻞ‬‫ ﻓﹶﺎﻋ‬produces the masculine form of the ‫) ﻑ‬, ‘ain ( ‫) ﻉ‬, and lām ( ‫ ) ﻝ‬positions in this pattern with ‫ﺩ‬-‫ﺏ‬-‫( ﻉ‬to worship) creates ‫ﺎﺑﹺﺪ‬‫( ﻋ‬a male active participle. 1]. PRINCIPLE THREE The feminine form of the active participle is constructed by placing the base letters on the pattern of ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺎﹺﺑﺪ‬‫( ﻋ‬a female who worships). 29 ‫ﻋﻠﹶﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﹶﺎ‬. Thus, ‫ﺩ‬-‫ﺏ‬-‫( ﻉ‬to worship) becomes All Arabic nouns, both living and non-living, are classified as either masculine or feminine.

Verily they (D/M) must not be done! Verily they (D/M) must not do! They (D/M) must not be done! They (D/M) must not do! ‫ﻌﹸﻠﻦ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻌﻠﹸ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻌﹸﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﻌﹸﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻳ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ Verily they (P/M) must not be done! Verily they (P/M) must not do! They (P/M) must not be done! They (P/M) must not do! ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻌﹶﻠ‬ ‫ ﹾﻔ‬‫ﹶﻻ ﺗ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ ‫ﻌﹶﻠ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹾﻞ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ ‫ﻌ ﹾﻞ‬ ‫ﺗ ﹾﻔ‬ ‫ﹶﻻ‬ Verily she/it (S/F) must not be done!

When placed before the present tense verb, they act to alter its meaning. Refer to higher-level books of Arabic grammar for a discussion of how each of these particles changes the meaning of a verb. 21 22 This particle is called, “ lām al-amr ” (the lām of command). This particle is called, “ lām al-nahy ” (the lām of prohibition). It differs in meaning from the ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﹶ‬ used to negate the present tense verb, which is called “ lām al-nafy ” (the lām of negation). 38 FUNDAMENTALS OF CLASSICAL ARABIC principle five).

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Fundamentals of Classical Arabic by Husain Abdul Sattar


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