By Robert Freidin
Generative Grammar offers a considerable contribution to the sector of linguistics in drawing jointly for the 1st time the author's most important paintings at the thought of generative grammar. The essays accrued right here demonstrate Freidin's position in relocating the idea ahead when it comes to new proposals, and examine the efforts to appreciate the evolution and historical past of the speculation via cautious research of ways and why it has replaced through the years.
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Extra info for Generative Grammar: Theory and its History (Routledge Leading Linguists)
For now, the question is left open; but see Williams (1977). Generative grammar 44 6 The analysis of strict cyclicity that follows does not depend on this assumption. Alternatively, it could be claimed that in base structure, only categories containing lexical material (including grammatical formatives like expletive it and existential there) receive indices. Thus, indexing would be done by lexical insertion; and coindexing, by movement and construal rules. At present it is unclear what empirical consequences differentiate between the two alternatives.
Object of predicate) corresponds to an argument of a predicate in Logical Form (LF). Assuming that the surface subject of a passive is not a deep structure grammatical relation, it follows that the matrix subjects in (13c) and (42c) will not map onto argument positions in LF; instead, they will be free arguments. Given a prohibition against free arguments in LF, we have an explanation for (13c) and (42c). This condition is clearly a reasonable requirement for a system of predicate calculus within LF, and quite independent of trace theory.
B. *John was reported that a book was given. *John was reported a book to have been given. , to have been given. In (30d) Johni binds a trace in a tensed sentence (S′2), thereby violating the Opacity Principle (specifically the TSC (27i)). The trace of Johni is also in the domain of a specified subject, a bookj. Therefore, even if the complement in (30) were nonfinite (as in (31b)), the binding between Johni and its trace would still violate the Opacity Principle—in this instance, the SSC (27ii).
Generative Grammar: Theory and its History (Routledge Leading Linguists) by Robert Freidin