By Don Alstad (auth.), Susan Mopper, Sharon Y. Strauss (eds.)
Providing a vital starting place for evolutionary concept, this entire quantity examines styles of genetic edition inside ordinary insect populations, and explores the underlying mechanisms that bring about the genetic divergence of coexisting organisms. specifically, the textual content investigates present learn on finescale genetic constitution in traditional insect populations.
across the world popular scientists provide a wealth of present details now not formerly released. half I current case reviews of adaptive genetic constitution in average insect populations, together with a serious dialogue of the strenghts and weaknesses of the experimental equipment hired. half II addresses the ecological mechanisms that produce adaptive genetic constitution in common insect populations. half III describes how behavioral and life-history styles impact genetic constitution. ultimately, half IV combines theoretical and empirical methods linking genetic constitution on the inhabitants point with larger-scale styles of edition, resembling host race formation and speciation.
This broad-ranging, interdisciplinary resource of data offers a radical exam of the mechanisms that advertise and abate genetic constitution in usual insect populations. it's a e-book that might be of curiosity to undergraduate and graduate scholars, and to researchers within the fields of ecology, evolution, insect and plant structures, entomology, and inhabitants genetics.
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Extra resources for Genetic Structure and Local Adaptation in Natural Insect Populations: Effects of Ecology, Life History, and Behavior
1990. Scale insect allozyme differentiation within and between host trees. Evo/. Eco/. 4:43-56. Alstad, D. N. and G. F. Edmunds Jr. 1983a. Selection, outbreeding depression, and the sex ratio of scale insects. Science 220:93-95. Alstad, D. N. and G. F. Edmunds Jr. 1983b. Adaptation, host specificity and gene flow in the black pine leaf scale. Pp. 413-426 in R. F. Denno and M. S. ), Variable Plants and Herbivores in Natural and Managed Systems. Academic Press, New York. Alstad, D. N. and G. F. Edmunds Jr.
The Evolution of Sex. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA. Miller, D. R. and M. Kosztarab. 1979. Recent advances in the study of scale insects. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 24:1-27. Mopper, S. 1996. Adaptive genetic structure in phytophagous insect populations. Trends Ecol. Evol. 11 :235-238. Murdoch, W. , J. D. Reeve, C. B Huffaker, and C. E. Kennett. 1984. Biological control of olive scale and its relevance to ecological theory. Am. Nat. 123:371-392. Neel, J. B. and R. H. Ward. 1972. The genetic structure of a tribal population, the Yanomama Indians: VI.
5 suggests that Mea has a competitive advantage over Me b on chlorotic needles that have been heavily damaged by scale feeding. In effect, scale insects themselves may be an important extrinsic factor, altering the foliage and the selection pressures consequently imposed on the insect herbivores. 7 Discussion The first conclusion to be drawn from these collected data and field observations is that the neutral drift hypothesis is alive and well in black pineleaf scale insects. Two polymorphic marker loci demonstrate barriers to random mating between trees, and even between the twigs of individual trees.
Genetic Structure and Local Adaptation in Natural Insect Populations: Effects of Ecology, Life History, and Behavior by Don Alstad (auth.), Susan Mopper, Sharon Y. Strauss (eds.)