By John Tabak

ISBN-10: 0816079420

ISBN-13: 9780816079421

Geometry, Revised version describes geometry in antiquity. starting with a quick description of a few of the geometry that preceded the geometry of the Greeks, it takes up the tale of geometry through the eu Renaissance in addition to the numerous mathematical growth in different components of the area. It additionally discusses the analytic geometry of Ren Descartes and Pierre Fermat, the choice coordinate structures invented by way of Isaac Newton, and the forged geometry of Leonhard Euler. additionally integrated is an outline of the geometry of 1 of the main winning mathematicians of the nineteenth century, Bernhard Riemann, who created either better dimensional geometry and geometry that's intrinsic to surfaces. the speculation of relativity is usually tested in nice element during this full-color source.

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Extra resources for Geometry: The Language of Space and Form (The History of Mathematics)

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This is not to say that the Greeks measured their drawings to see whether, for example, two angles were “really” equal. They did not. They were not even very careful in making their drawings. Their compasses and straightedges were often very simple, even crude, and their drawings were often made in pits of sand or in sand that was sprinkled on a flat, hard surface. The straightedge Early Greek Geometry 13 and compass drawings that they made were only aids that they used to help them imagine and communicate their ideas.

The descriptions are equivalent, but the Greeks used only the latter. With this description the Greeks described a straight (180°) angle as the sum of two right angles. FACT 2: When we cut two parallel lines with a third, transverse line, the interior angles on opposite sides of the transverse line are equal. ) Notice that no measurement is involved. We can Early Greek Geometry 11 a circle and one of its diameters makes it clear that the diameter bisects the circle. Mesopotamian and Egyptian mathematicians never questioned this fact.

From his conic surface Apollonius obtains three important curves: an ellipse, a hyperbola, and a parabola. Discovering the properties of these curves—each such curve is called a conic section—is actually much of the reason that he wrote the book. He describes each curve as the intersection of a plane with the conic surface. Alternatively we can imagine the plane as a method of cutting straight across the surface. In this case the curve is the cut. We begin by cutting the surface with a plane so that the plane is perpendicular to the axis of symmetry of the surface.

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Geometry: The Language of Space and Form (The History of Mathematics) by John Tabak


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