By Stephen Hetherington
What's wisdom? How not easy is it for an individual to have wisdom? stable wisdom, undesirable wisdom confronts modern philosophical makes an attempt to reply to these vintage questions, delivering a conception of data that's designated in conceiving of information in a non-absolutist manner.
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Additional resources for Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge: On Two Dogmas of Epistemology
1986). This implies that in these cases the expert system is not a complete emulation of the relevant expert knowledge. The idea of “completeness” is itself puzzling. ” But such arguments share a premise, or discursive practice, with their opponent, namely the idea that the description of the process to which the model or expert system is being compared has some sort of ontic signiﬁcance which the model or system itself acquires or fails to acquire when it is successfully or unsuccessfully matched.
He claims that “our use of language presumes various folk models or cognitive schemata of ideas, objects, events, and action” (1986: 261–62), and that consequently “we must design our expert systems to reﬂect the ecological validity of problem-solving conditions that are presupposed by general reasoning processes and the use of standardized language and thus model the way everyday reasoning, Underdetermination 27 language, and action enter into all attempts at social measurement or the creation of expert systems” (1986: 268).
1987: preface). It should be evident that some sort of ontic claim is being made by writers like Simon, but it is in many ways a puzzle. Underdetermination 23 Under one interpretation, the claim is simple: The cognitive processes of a Kepler were processes in the brain, and therefore the correct model of Kepler’s discovery will be the model which corresponds to those processes. Claims about tacit knowledge in relation to Kepler’s discovery will be settled by having the correct model, which will either contain something corresponding to tacit knowledge or will not.
Good Knowledge, Bad Knowledge: On Two Dogmas of Epistemology by Stephen Hetherington