By Esa Itkonen
During this e-book, the writer analyses the character of the technological know-how of grammar. After proposing a few methodological and old historical past, he units forth a concept of language and of grammar, displaying that the technological know-how of grammar isn't an empirical, yet a normative technological know-how, corresponding to common sense and philosophy, characterised by means of the strategy of explication.
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Extra resources for Grammatical Theory and Metascience: A Critical Investigation into the Methodological and Philosophical Foundations of 'Autonomous' Linguistics
Nor can i t be claimed t h a t , when I see others per- forming experiments and know what they are doing, I have acquired t h i s knowledge on the basis of experiments. points o u t , an experiment presupposes As Wittgenstein (1967, I I , § 71) mutual understanding. We have seen, f i r s t , t h a t w i t h i n a given experimental situation there are objects whose i n t e n t i o n s or lack of them cannot be measurably tested and, second, t h a t these are p r e c i s e l y objects which are known to have i n t e n t i o n s .
In each particular case, the formalised language must be intuitively understood - otherwise the formalisation would simply have no point - and this understanding re mains of course unformalised and can only be expressed through ordinary language. And if it subsequently becomes formalised, then the new (meta-)formalisation will presuppose an intuitive understanding of its own, expressible, again, through ordinary language only; and so on. This ge neral principle has been formulated in the dictum "ordinary language is always the last metalanguage".
Historical description, which must then con tain also the causes and effects of the belief in. question. ) To give a still clearer example, let us consider, next, such enti ties as games. played, All games must be, at least potentially, learned and and since processes of learning and playing necessarily take place in space and time, it follows that games necessarily have a spa tiotemporal reference. And yet, although games and (at least poten tial) processes of learning and playing always occur together, they are clearly different aspects of one and the same phenomenon.
Grammatical Theory and Metascience: A Critical Investigation into the Methodological and Philosophical Foundations of 'Autonomous' Linguistics by Esa Itkonen