By John Fenton
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Additional resources for Handbook of Automotive Design Analysis
The centrifugal pressure created at A is higher, therefore, than that at B and a continuous circulation in the direction of the arrow is thus induced. This circulation, involving high mass flow, is the medium by which energy is transferred from impeller to turbine. Overloading of a fluid coupling results not only in slowing down of the turbine, but the prime mover becomes overloaded also and slows proportionately. To prevent this interaction a third member, the reactor, is introduced to break up the close proximity of impeller and turbine (Fig.
Further, with the correct design of diaphragm spring, release loads are reduced and wear of the facings will not lower the clamp load; to achieve this the main considerations in diaphragm-spring selection are the required clamp load, pedal 'feel', lever ratio and the available release travel Release curve and spring stress The characteristics of the release curve can be modified for any particular spring diameter, according to height, h and thickness s the two principal spring-parameters. An indication of the extent to which the characteristics vary with small parameter changes is shown in Fig.
In reactor, from 3 to 1, momentum will be added in direction A. By bringing in the radius effect in conjunction with the momentum change over each stage we have: Torque 1-2 + Torque 3-1 = Torque 2-3 The· corresponding torque values on the blades from the oil will be in the opposite directions, and it will be seen that: Turbine torque = Impeller torque + Reaction torque. A study of the turbine outlet vector shows that for maximum reactor effect on the oil, UTQ will be zero and therefore maximum torque conversion will occur at zero output speed (stall).
Handbook of Automotive Design Analysis by John Fenton