By Pavol Štekauer, Rochelle Lieber

This can be the main complete e-book so far on be aware formation by way of scope of themes, colleges and theoretical positions. All contributions have been written by means of the prime students of their respective parts.

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12 3. ‘MORPHEMES’ SINCE THE 1960S Treating morphemes as Saussurean signs thus has uncomfortable consequences. However, linguists generally escaped having to confront those consequences because of a historical accident: the replacement of morphology by syntax as the main focus of attention in grammatical theory since the late 1950s. That is not to say that the term ‘morpheme’ disappeared from scholarly writing, and there has indeed been a modest revival in the study of morphology and word-formation since the mid-1970s.

Me#ter na#tion o#men spi#ne b. me#tering na#tionhood o#menlike spi#nelessness c. me trical na tional o minous Neutral suffixes also do not trigger the rule of velar softening. (18) a. pirate, pirac+y b. meat, meat#y We have now seen that English phonology must have access to the morphological structure of a word, its lexical category, and the distinction between 12 Indeed, Booij (1977, 1995) argues that, at least for Dutch, which shows a similar bifurcation in its affixes, the effect that an affix has on syllabification is the main criterion on which to decide which class it falls into.

What about the stems that accompany the /t/ suffix with orthographic-tt verbs? For a few of these, there is little one need say. For example, spelll is phonologically /spel/ and its perfect participle spelt has the same stem shape. Morphophonemically, therefore, speltt can be analysed as /spel + D/, realised phonologically as /speltt/. But for leave, whose two stem shapes /liv/ and /leff/ are not predictable in purely phonological terms (as the comparison with heave and heaved d demonstrates), the search for a single-signifiantt analysis points us towards positing two morphophonemes: /E/, realised as /e/ in the perfect participle and the past tense forms and as /i/ elsewhere, and /F/, realised as /f/ in the perfect participle and the past tense forms and /v/ elsewhere.

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Handbook of Word-Formation (Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory) by Pavol Štekauer, Rochelle Lieber


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