By Lynn V. Foster
The traditional Mayan civilization of southern Mexico and northerly principal the United States has lengthy been defined as "mysterious," even supposing students were learning this tradition for centuries. Our view of the Maya has replaced dramatically in accordance with some of the findings of those students; what have been as soon as regarded as "vacant ceremonial centers," inhabited by means of just a couple of calendar monks and used as areas of formality via the encircling peasant farmers, have now been redefined as old thriving towns of millions of Maya. Hierogliphic inscriptions, as soon as regarded as astrological mumbo-jumbo, now learn as names of old contributors and the towns they governed. The instruction manual to lifestyles within the historical Maya global offers a accomplished and obtainable connection with the best and such a lot mysterious of civilizations, hailed for its contributions to technology, arithmetic, and expertise. The booklet specializes in contemporary groundbreaking discoveries whereas featuring the civilization's earlist beginnings to its conquest by means of the Spanish within the sixteenth Century. each one bankruptcy is supplemented by means of an intensive bibliography in addition to photos. unique line drawings, and maps. assorted sections contain civilization and archaeology, evolution, geography, society and govt, astronomy and the calendar, funerary ideals and customs, and lots of extra,
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Additional info for Handbook to Life in the Ancient Maya World (Facts on File Library of World History)
Trophy heads and sacrificial scenes indicate that prowess in war was also important to a ruler’s authority. The stela cult of the Late Preclassic Period was the beginning of what would become the dynastic ruler cult of the Classic Period. WRITING AND LONG COUNT CALENDAR Hieroglyphic writing and Long Count dating appeared with the stela cult and were incorporated into the bas-relief sculptures.
Domesticated maize was introduced into the diet, and within the next thousand years, maize was being cultivated in most regions of Mesoamerica, including much of the Maya area. The cultivation of maize— the New World equivalent to rice and wheat—held the key to the development of more complex Mesoamerican society. Maize could be harvested and stored in such quantity that it provided sustenance year-round in both the highlands and lowlands. As maize agriculture encouraged more peoples to settle in permanent villages, it also sustained larger populations and created food surpluses.
Found, such as the nearly 4-meter- (13-foot-) high platform on a ceremonial plaza at Altar de Sacrificios. At sites such as Nakbé and Uaxactún, archaeologists have discovered early but less easily detected constructions of flat stones, layered without mortar and with roughly plastered floors. The number of known sites will probably increase as archaeologists intensify their search for these formative structures. Burials have been found as well. At Seibal, a simple farming village in the Guatemalan Petén, a La Venta–style cache of jade and pottery, laid out in a cruciform arrangement, was discovered.
Handbook to Life in the Ancient Maya World (Facts on File Library of World History) by Lynn V. Foster