By John M. Kabia
The tip of the chilly warfare has been characterized via a wave of violent civil wars that experience produced exceptional humanitarian disaster and anguish. even though as a rule intra-state, those conflicts have unfold throughout borders and threatened foreign peace and protection via mass refugee move, proliferation of sunshine palms and the increase of neighborhood mercenary teams. probably the most affected parts is the West African sub-region which has been domestic to a couple of Africa's such a lot brutal and intractable conflicts for greater than a decade.Kabia locates those operations inside of an elevated post-Cold conflict conceptualisation of humanitarian intervention and examines the organisation's skill in maintaining civilians in danger in civil conflicts and facilitating the procedures of peacemaking and post-war peacebuilding aimed toward combating a relapse into clash. by utilizing the empirical case of ECOWAS, this booklet examines the demanding situations posed by way of advanced political emergencies (CPEs) to humanitarian intervention. It strains the evolution of ECOWAS from an fiscal integration undertaking to that of a safety supplier and examines the demanding situations inherent in any such transition.
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Extra resources for Humanitarian Intervention and Conflict Resolution in West Africa
The next chapter shows how these linguistic differences continue to plague the project of West African integration. The partition in Berlin also resulted in vast differences in size, population and resource endowment of West African states. For instance, the size, population and wealth of countries like The Gambia, Sierra Leone, Togo and Benin is dwarfed by those of Nigeria, Ghana, Senegal and Cote d’Ivoire. But despite the above differences, West African states share common features. Ten of the sub-region’s 16 countries (no data for Liberia) fall within the Low Human Development category of the United Nations Development Programme’s (UNDP) Human Development Index Report of 2008 (UNDP, 2008) due to factors such as low life expectancy, high infant mortality rate, high levels of illiteracy, low per capita incomes and abject poverty.
In this context, security sector reform or transformation therefore represents international and national efforts to rebuild the security sector within the wider framework of good governance and democratisation. Security sector reform projects include the following: • training and capacity building of the security forces, including promoting respect for human rights and rule of law. • strengthening the capacity of civilians to effectively manage and oversee the security sector. • promoting transparency of budgetary allocation and financial management of security forces.
Whilst agreeing with Smith that intrastate war is not a new phenomenon, however, we can see significant changes in the goals of, and tactics used by, warring groups in many parts of the world. Most intrastate conflicts during the Cold War period were either liberation struggles or proxy wars. However, at the end of the Cold War, we saw the emergence of new forms of conflicts that can best be described as factional wars based on intra-elite power struggles, coup d’etat, and warlordism. Despite their seemingly internal nature, they have regional and international dimensions and ramifications evidenced by the destabilising effects of small arms proliferation, mass refugee flow and cross border conflagrations (Francis, 2000).
Humanitarian Intervention and Conflict Resolution in West Africa by John M. Kabia