By Nomi Erteschik-Shir
This advent to the function of knowledge constitution in grammar discusses a variety of phenomena at the syntax-information constitution interface. It examines theories of knowledge constitution and considers their effectiveness in explaining no matter if and the way info constitution maps onto syntax in discourse. Professor Erteschik-Shir starts via discussing the fundamental notions and houses of data constitution, similar to subject and concentration, and considers their houses from diversified theoretical views. She covers definitions of subject and concentration, architectures of grammar, info constitution, notice order, the interface among lexicon and knowledge constitution, and cognitive elements of knowledge constitution. In her balanced and readable account, the writer significantly compares the effectiveness of other theoretical methods and assesses the worth of insights drawn from paintings in processing and on language acquisition, version, and universals. This booklet will entice graduate scholars of syntax and semantics in departments of linguistics, philosophy, and cognitive technological know-how.
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Additional info for Information Structure: The Syntax-Discourse Interface (Oxford Surveys in Syntax & Morphology)
One is that a sentence may include more than one previously mentioned element. Do we conclude that the sentence has more than one topic? Or is one of these elements “the” topic? In the next section we argue that sentences may have more than one topic, yet they may not all have the same status. Another problem with identifying topics by previous mention is the fact that some topics are “given” (in the extended sense) without previous mention. , respectively, and the permanently and temporarily available topics discussed in the previous section.
The card can be selected from among the already existing ﬁle cards if it is deﬁnite and therefore represents an existing referent. If this is not the case, the hearer is required to make out a new card for this new (indeﬁnite) referent and again, this card is positioned on top of the stack. This is how the interaction between topic and focus comes into play. It is also the explanation for both topic chaining and focus chaining. A topic remains on top of the ﬁle and can therefore be continued. A focused element can become a topic in the next sentence since focusing a discourse referent requires the positioning of its card on the top of the stack.
Danish exempliﬁes a language which is harder to classify. Topicalization is frequently used, but it is still optional. Another diﬃculty is that topicalization does not select the same class of elements even in the two languages examined here. 24 A variety of phenomena connected to topichood could be described in this way, but it would not provide an explanation. Our aim should instead be to derive the various kinds of topics from a minimal set of primitives. In the next section, we deﬁne the other basic primitive, the focus.
Information Structure: The Syntax-Discourse Interface (Oxford Surveys in Syntax & Morphology) by Nomi Erteschik-Shir