By John Luke Gallup, Gaviria A., Eduardo Lora
Geographic interpretations of improvement lately became the topic of a lot renewed curiosity and debate inside of scholarly and public coverage circles. targeting Latin the United States, this booklet examines how actual and human geography has prompted the region’s power for monetary and social development.The booklet assesses how geography impacts changes in improvement among nations and extra particularly among Latin the United States and different areas of the area. the consequences of geography on nearby improvement are tested via 4 channels: the productiveness of land, medical conditions, frequency and depth of normal failures, and entry to markets. The ebook then explores how geography has encouraged improvement inside of international locations via case reports of Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru—countries major for his or her geographical range in addition to their vast socioeconomic disparities. those case stories illustrate quite a few exceptions to overseas styles and turn out that whereas geography concerns, it don't need to be sure a country's destiny.Using the data received from those views, the ebook concludes with options for regulations which could support nations triumph over the restrictions imposed via geography and thereby improve their capability for financial and social improvement.
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Extra resources for Is Geography Destiny? Lessons from Latin America
Ment in Latin America and worldwide, many countries suffer continuous setbacks to their development efforts because of frequent and devastating natural disasters. Latin America has suffered a disproportionate number of natural disasters during its recent history. Natural disasters are defined as natural events whose impact in terms of injuries, homelessness, fatalities, and destruction of assets creates severe economic and social hardship. 7). 11 The acute vulnerability of the region to natural disasters is the result of a combination of geographical and socioeconomic factors.
123). Environmental degradation in the region is the result of higher population density in fragile ecosystems, as well as destructive agricultural activities. Instead of relying on more traditional and environment friendly cultivation techniques (such as terracing hillsides or planting crops in soil secured by roots of trees), the Latin American agricultural sector often uses methods that lead to widespread deforestation and erosion of soils. These in turn increase vulnerability to floods, drought, and landslides.
The economic impact also depends on macroeconomic conditions before the disaster, the degree of diversification of the economy, and the size of financial and insurance markets. Finally, the amount, timing, and price of the contingent financing available for reconstruction will affect the final macroeconomic outcome. The lack of sectoral diversification in the region helps to explain why natural disasters have a significant adverse impact on the aggregate level. Agriculture, which is directly linked with climatic conditions, is still a key sector in terms of its share of GDP and employment.
Is Geography Destiny? Lessons from Latin America by John Luke Gallup, Gaviria A., Eduardo Lora