By Laura S. Etheredge

ISBN-10: 161530021X

ISBN-13: 9781615300211

What are the percepts of Shariah legislation? What position did Genghis Khan play in Islamic historical past? How do the lessons of the Quran mesh with these of alternative spiritual texts? Islamic background is a part of a three e-book sequence. during this robust, probing, and thought-provoking sequence, the area of Islam is explored and defined. With insurance from world wide and around the centuries, every one ebook offers an intensive look at the faith with approximately billion adherents all over the world. Readers will enhance a finished realizing of this quite wealthy religion and its contributions to global tradition and historical past. they'll achieve entry to actual principles and ideas, which regrettably were just a little distorted by means of contemporary occasions that have been conducted within the identify of Islam.

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When successfully claimed, it has almost no competitor; once opened, it is difficult to close; and, if it cannot be contained and focused at the appropriate moment, its power disperses. Jews and Christians had 48 7 Formation and Orientation (c. 500–634) 7 Riddah The riddah wars, or wars of apostasy, were a series of politicoreligious uprisings in various parts of Arabia in about 632 CE during the caliphate of Abu Bakr. In spite of the traditional resistance of the Bedouins to any restraining central authority, by 631 Muhammad was able to exact from the majority of their tribes at least nominal adherence to Islam, payment of the zakat, a tax levied on Muslims to support the poor, and acceptance of Medinan envoys.

Yet despite continuous internal dissension, virtually no Muslim raised the possibility of there being more than one legitimate leader. Furthermore, the impulse toward solidarity, inherited from Muhammad and Abu Bakr, may have actually been encouraged by persisting minority status. While Muslims were a minority, they naturally formed a conception of Islamic dominance as territorial rather than religious, and of unconverted non-Muslim communities as secondary members. In one important respect the Islamic faith differed from all other major religious traditions: the formative period of the faith coincided with its political domination of a rich complex of old cultures.

In the next two years one of his most significant legacies became apparent: the willingness and ability of his closest supporters to sustain the ideal and the reality 47 7 Islamic History 7 of one Muslim community under one leader, even in the face of significant opposition. When Muhammad died, two vital sources of his authority ended—ongoing revelation and his unique ability to exemplify his messages on a daily basis. A leader capable of keeping revelation alive might have had the best chance of inheriting his movement, but no Muslim claimed messengership, nor had Muhammad unequivocally designated any other type of successor.

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Islamic History (The Islamic World) by Laura S. Etheredge

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