By Kai Hahlweg, C. A. Hooker

ISBN-10: 0791400123

ISBN-13: 9780791400128

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Learning, development, and culture. New York: Wiley. , ed. 1974. : Open Court. Page 19 I NEW APPROACHES TO EVOLUTIONARY EPISTEMOLOGY Page 21 1 Evolutionary Epistemology and Philosophy of Science Kai Hahlweg and C. A. Hooker Psychogenesis represents an integral part of embryogenesis. " C. H. Waddington, The Evolution of an Evolutionist In this chapter we expound a new evolutionary approach to problems in the philosophy of science. The ideas were developed partly independently and partly in cooperation and are expounded in four parts.

Lorenz, Piaget, and Popper We begin then with a biologist (Lorenz), a psychologist (Piaget), and a philosopher (Popper). We aim to develop, through a critical appraisal of their approaches, the desiderata of our own conception of an adequate evolutionary epistemology. It will turn out that our own theory shares important features in common with each of these three thinkersthough by no means the same features for all of themand that in each case it is marked by equally important differences. Thereafter we will point to some important themes which are due to more recent developments of the field.

Cultures, like species, not only show stability but also can change and in both cases the change is due, according to Munz, to selection. However, Munz suggests replacing in the realm of culture the kind of selectionism that goes back to Malthus and that constitutes essentially selection of individuals with a selectionism that goes back to another British thinker, the economist Gresham. Munz generalizes Gresham's law so as to apply to all cultural traits. " The cultural traits that serve to demarcate one culture from another tend to be economically irrational: when cross-cultural communication makes competition unavoidable, selection will operate against them.

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Issues in evolutionary epistemology by Kai Hahlweg, C. A. Hooker

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