By A. B. Dickerson
This booklet is a research of the second-edition model of the "Transcendental Deduction" (the so-called "B-Deduction"), some of the most vital and imprecise sections of Kant's Critique of natural cause. Adam Dickerson analyzes lots of the key subject matters in Kant's idea of information, together with the character of suggestion and illustration, the proposal of objectivity, and how within which the brain buildings our event of the area.
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Additional resources for Kant on Representation and Objectivity
I will return to this point below. I now turn to consider the notion of sensation. Kant deﬁnes it by saying that the ‘effect of a object on the capacity for representation, insofar as we are affected by it, is sensation’ (A20/B34), and that ‘a perception that refers to the subject as a modiﬁcation of its state is a sensation’ (A320/B376). These two passages show that Kant thinks of sensations as representations considered simply as effects on, or modiﬁcations of, the subject. In this way Kant is closer to Malebranche than to Descartes.
They will concern not how the mind can get from one thing (the representation) to another thing (the cat), but how the representation functions to present the object to oneself. This is one reason why it is worth taking seriously Kant’s remark in the ﬁrst-edition Paralogisms that ‘it is obvious that if one wants to represent a thinking being, one must put oneself in its place, and thus substitute one’s own subject for the object one wants to consider’ (A354). Since the Critique is itself a representation of a thinking being (or, more precisely, is a representation of the cognising human mind in general), Kant’s remark is an instruction for reading the book.
The meaning of this claim, and Kant’s argument for it, are the subject of the following chapter. For now, this fundamental point can be roughly stated as follows: the act of synthesis must be spontaneous because the mind’s impressions do not determine their own interpretation, or what the mind grasps in them. As the discussion in the rest of this chapter should make clear, this does not necessarily mean that the spontaneous act involves ‘an element of choice’ (as Ermano Bencivenga, for example, suggests8 ).
Kant on Representation and Objectivity by A. B. Dickerson