By Pamela Kea
Varied contractual preparations and varieties of alternate proven among smallholder farmers, their families and group paintings teams, are vital to our realizing of techniques of agrarian transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa. even if, little has been written during this zone. not easy portrayals of West African lady farmers as a homogenous crew, the current research presents an ethnographic account of the contractual family confirmed among lady hosts and migrants, within the alternate of land and labour for agrarian construction in a Gambian group. extra, it demonstrates the best way, regardless of the liberalization of the economic system, neighborhood cultural practices, similar to that of entrustment, remain of importance in affecting the character and specific personality of agrarian transformation and postcolonial capitalist improvement.
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Extra resources for Land, Labour and Entrustment: West African Female Farmers and the Politics of Difference
On a third level, I make reference throughout the book to diverse regional, theoretical, ethnographic and historical literature as and when it informs and helps to develop the analysis. Further, an historical approach is central to the research, in terms of: the documentation of the founding of Brikama: and the provision of a partial account of changing political and cultural economies in The Gambia. 28 Their representational practices are produced, interpreted and given meaning both by the narrator and the audience.
Clearly, their production, interpretation and meaning are dependent on the context in which they are told and the purpose the narrative is meant to serve. 29 Female farmers’ narratives serve to produce representations of women in Brikama as: mothers, grandmothers, wives, daughters, farmers, traders, hosts and strangers, and particular national, religious and ethnic subjects. These narratives, and the representational practices that inform them, were significant in allowing me to develop a sense of the variety of social identities, relations of power and accumulation strategies amongst farmers in Brikama.
From the mid-eighteenth century rice was sold locally to the West Indies, and to French traders in part to diversify the existing export base of ‘beeswax, gum, teak, hides and ivory’ (Carney and Watts 1991, 655). ), the proceeds of which were largely marketed. Most vegetable crops, with the exception of bitter tomatoes and okra, were introduced to the region and are not indigenous. From the beginning of the nineteenth century female traders sold vegetables in the coastal markets of Banjul and Serrekunda, the biggest markets in the country (Beedle 1980, 92).
Land, Labour and Entrustment: West African Female Farmers and the Politics of Difference by Pamela Kea